Incremental and differential backup in Windows Server 2016
With the growth of business and industry, the amount of data that needs backing up is increasingly large. To take a full copy will take much space and time. Therefore, new backup methods were introduced -- differential backup, which creates a copy of data modified since the last full backup, and incremental backup, which creates a copy of the data that was added or modified since the last incremental backup.
Windows Server Backup, the built-in backup and restore tool in Windows Server 2016, supports full backup and incremental backup. However, it only allows you to create one daily scheduled backup task. If you prefer differential backup or want to set multiple schedule backup tasks, such as a daily backup task for the folders you use every day and a weekly backup task for system state drive, you can refer to Part 2 to get one third-party backup software to achieve the goal.
Part 1. How to create incremental backup in Windows Server?
In Windows Server 2016, if you set up a scheduled backup task, it will be performed as incremental backup by default. Therefore, you need to only create a simple scheduled backup job. You can also change it to always run full backup in the Configure Performance.
To create a scheduled incremental backup:
1. Open the Windows Backup Server under Administrative Tools. On the right side of the interface, you will find two backup types, “Backup Schedule...” and “Backup Once...”. Here we should choose Backup Schedule...
2. In the next screen, choose what to be included in the backup.
3. Specify the time run to backup. You can set it to run once a day or more frequently, but you cannot use it to run Windows Server Backup weekly or after certain days.
4. Specify destination type from backup disk, backup volume or network shared folder. When you select a whole hard drive as a backup disk, the hard drive will be reformatted, so make sure that there are no important data in it.
5. Select the destination location. If you want to backup to volume, note that only the partition formatted with NTFS can be selected as backup volume.
6. Confirm the operation, and click Finish to start the backup job.
After that, the daily incremental backup will be running on your Windows Server 2016. However, quite a few users have reported that it not running on schedule as expected sometimes. In case you meet such a problem in the future, you can bookmark this Fix Windows Server Backup Schedule not working problem article.
Comparing the difference between incremental and differential backup, you may also want to perform a differential backup. If you are not content with Windows Server Backup for lack of some crucial features like notifications, weekly scheduled backup, differential backup, you can use backup software for Windows Server.
Part 2. Create multiple incremental backup or differential backup tasks
If you are looking for advanced and easy to understand server backup software, AOMEI Backupper Server may just be the one. You can configure multiple backup tasks according to your needs.
It offers system backup, file backup, hard drive backup, and partition backup.
It allows you to create daily/weekly/monthly scheduled backup performed with full/incremental/differential backups.
It enables you to delete old backups automatically so as to release disk space using Backup Scheme.
It supports many file systems including NTFS/FAT32/EXT2/EXT3 and many operating systems including Windows Server 2003, 2008, 2008R2, 2012, 2012R2, and 2016.
It also provides many backup options, such as email notification, encryption, and compression.
Besides, AOMEI Backuppper Server has a user-friendly interface. You can create multiple scheduled backups in a few clicks. Get the tool and the steps to enable an incremental or differential backup.
To enable an incremental or differential backup:
1. Launch AOMEI Backupper Server. Under Backup tab, choose to use System Backup, Disk Backup, Partition Backup, or File Backup to backup Servers. Let’s take System Backup as an example.
3. Click the second box to specify the location path to store the backup image as the program will automatically select the required partition(s) for system backup. All the locations the File Explorer detects are supported as destination location without worrying about the file system.
4. In the next screen, click Schedule to set up the time that you want to run backup. Click the Advanced tab to select Full/Differential/Incremental backup. If you do not specify this, the Incremental backup is enabled by default.
5. You can click Scheme to enable Disk Space Management to delete previous backups as schedule and click Options button to see more options. Then click Start Backup to start the backup job.
That is how incremental and differential backup in windows server 2016 was done. To restore this backup is also quite simple. You can use bootable media (USB drive or CD) or AOMEI PXE tool to restore system backup or disk backup to the same server or another server with dissimilar hardware. Apart from backup and restore, AOMEI Backupper also allows you to clone hard drive or only OS to SSD.
If you want to protect unlimited PCs and servers within your company, you may choose AOMEI Backupper Technician Plus. It offers unlimited billable technical services to clients. It also enables you to copy installation directory for portable version creation.