Top 5 Ways to Fix Windows 10 Recovery Environment Missing

Windows 10 Recovery Environment is missing? Don’t worry, here we show you 5 solutions for you to fix Windows 10 could not find recovery environment error easily.


By Ivy Updated on March 12, 2024

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User Case: Windows 10 Recovery Environment is Missing?


I have a Dell computer running Windows 10. Today, I delete my recovery partition by mistake. So, I run a custom install for my Dell AW 15 R3. Everything is look like the same. However, I could not install the Dell recovery program due to the WinRE missing problem. What is a Windows recovery environment? How to do to repair Windows 10 recovery environment missing issue?

What is Windows Recovery Environment and Why Missing?

Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE), a minimal OS from Windows Preinstallation Environment, is used to repair system boot failure. It includes tools for recovery, like Automatic repair, Push-button reset, System image recovery.

The WinRE image file, named winre.wim, is usually stored in \Windows\System32\Recovery folder. However, it might be in a hidden partition (e.g., system reserved partition or recovery partition). Deleting it accidentally can cause Windows 10 recovery environment missing. Here are some common reasons to Windows 10 could not find the recovery environment:

  • Windows RE Status shows Disabled. If the WinRE is disabled in Windows setting, you cannot use it until you enable it.

  • The boot configuration store (BCD) does not contain the entries for recovery mode. If there is not an entry for recovery mode, you cannot access it unless you fix it.

  • Winre.wim file is missing or invalid. To fix the missing or corrupted system file, the simplest way is to perform sfc /scannow command. If it does not work, you can try to copy the Winre.wim file from working and set the path again.

  • Winre.wim file might be infected with a virus. In this case, you need to run anti-virus software and remove the malware or viruses.

  • The WinRE configuration file ReAgent.xml is missing or contains incorrect data. You can try to delete this file and enable WinRE again.

  • Corrupted Windows registry keys.

To fix missing recovery environment in Windows 10, you can try these quick fixes, which also apply to resolve could not find recovery environment in Windows 11. Or, you can try the powerful one key recovery software below to backup and restore your system error-free.

Create Your Own Windows 10 Recovery Environment

If you have mistakenly deleted the Windows 10 recovery environment or you need a quick way to restore Windows 10, it's strongly recommended to create a new Windows 10 recovery environment with the best system backup & restore software, AOMEI OneKey Recovery. Not only Windows 10, it supports Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, 10 and 11, Windows Server 2003/2008 (R2)/2012 (R2)/2016/2019, SBS 2003/2008/2011, WHS 2011.

The steps listed below are how to create Windows 10 recovery environment:

1. First of all, download it and install it on your Windows 10. Then open this program.

Download Demo Win  PCs & Servers
Secure Download

2. Click OneKey System Backup on the main interface.

OKR Backup

3. Tick Backup system to AOMEI OneKey Recovery Partition (Recommended) or Backup system to other location.

Backup to

4. Confirm that you want to create a system backup, then press Start Backup. To preview the destination disk, you can click Advanced options.

Select Partition

5. After a while, AOMEI OneKey Recovery will create recovery environment for Windows 10. Just click OK to exit. Then, you can go to This PC and there is two extra partition on the hard drive. and you could set the shortcut key (F11 or A Key) to enter the Windows 10 recovery environment via settings icon of the AOMEI OneKey Recovery main window.

With a backup in hand, you can perform OneKey Restore in Windows 10 when the system fails to boot or other system files corruption. The instructions are below:

1. Click OneKey System Recovery on main window.

OKR Recovery

2. Tick Restore system by using the image file in AOMEI OneKey Recovery Partition or Restore system by selecting a system image file, and hit Next.

Restore from

3. Press Start Restore to restore Windows 10 when the Windows 10 recovery environment is missing.

Confirm Restore

The System Recovery will be completed in WinPE.
If you could not boot up your Windows 10, you could press F11 or A key to enter onekey recovery environment to restore OS after you set the shortcut.
OneKey system backup and recovery provided by AOMEI also applied to Windows 7, 8, 11and other popular operating systems.

With the help of AOMEI OneKey Recovery, you could add a new recovery option to your computer, and then restore your Windows 11/10/8/7 if required.

To prevent Windows 10 recovery environment missing problem, it's strongly recommended to create a regular backup for your Windows 10 with AOMEI Backupper, and add the AOMEI Backupper recovery environment to Windows 10 boot options menu (Tools > Recovery Environment in AOMEI Backupper) just in case you need to restore Windows 10 under AOMEI Backupper recovery environment.

How to Repair Windows 10 Recovery Environment Missing

According to the causes, we will provide you the corresponding ways to fix the error: unable to find the recovery environment in Windows 10.

👉 Fix #1: Turn on Windows RE🔥
👉 Fix #2: check and fix the WinRE entry in BCD🔥
👉 Fix #3: Fix missing or corrupted Winre.wim🔥
👉 Fix #4: Use Windows 10 recovery drive
👉 Fix #5: Use Windows 10 installation disc

Fix #1: Turn on Windows RE

If the Windows recovery environment is disabled, you have to enable it to take effect. If you are not sure, you can type reagent /info command to check the status first.

1. Press Start in Windows 10.

2. Type cmd and run as administrator.

3. Input reagent /info to check the status of WinRE and press Enter. If the Windows RE status shows Disabled, input reagentc /enable command to turn on the WinRE.

Reagentc Enable

After enabling this option, if you still could not find the Recovery environment in Windows 10, you could try another way to repair it.

Fix #2: check and fix the WinRE entry in BCD

1. open the PowerShell with admin privileges and run the following command.

bcdedit /enum all

Bcdedit Enum All

2. In the Windows Boot Loader, find the identifier set as {current}, recoverysequence with its GUID value.

Identifier Recoverysequence

3. Find the identifier with the found GUID value. Make sure that the device and osdevice has the same path. Both device and osdevice show the path of Winre.wim file. If not, you need to run the following command and specify the current identifier to another drive which has the same path.

bcdedit /set {current} recoverysequence {GUID_which_has_same_path_of_device_and_device}

Identifier Guid

Fix #3: Fix missing or corrupted Winre.wim

1. Find the Winre.wim file on another working computer and copy it to C:\Recovery path on the current computer.

2. Type the following command to set the path again.

reagentc /setreimage /path C:\Recovery\WindowsRE


3. Type reagentc /info to check the path of Winre.wim file.

Fix #4: Use Windows 10 recovery drive

Windows 10 recovery drive can help you out when you receive the error message: could not find the recovery environment in Windows 10. The premise is that you have a recovery created before. If not, you still can create Windows 10 recovery disk on a working computer with the same hardware. Then, see below.

1. Connect the recovery drive to your computer and set boot priority for your drive. Press Shift key while you restart your computer and then your computer will restart in the Windows Recovery Environment.

2. On the Choose an option screen, select Troubleshoot.

3. Select Advanced options on the Troubleshoot interface.

4. Then, select one of the recovery tool as shown in the following picture and run it according to the on-screen instructions.

Advanced Options

Fix #5: Use Windows 10 installation disc

If you have a Windows 10 installation disc, you could use it to reset Windows 10, and then the winre.wim missing on Windows 10 error could be fixed. However, sometimes, you may encounter the reset failed in Windows 10 error.

Detailed steps:

1. Create an installation disc on a working computer running the same version of Windows 10.

2. Connect the disc to your computer and set boot priority for it.

3. On the initial setup screen, click Next.

4. Click Repair your computer and select Troubleshoot on the next window.

5. Click Advanced options and choose a recovery tool to repair Windows 10 recovery environment missing problem.

FAQs about Windows 10 Recovery Environment Missing

#1. Why is my Windows 10 Recovery Environment missing?

The recovery environment might be missing due to corruption, improper Windows installation, or changes in system files.

#2. How do I reinstall Windows 10 recovery environment?

To reinstall the Windows 10 Recovery Environment, follow these steps:

  • On the login screen, click on Shutdown, then hold down the Shift key while selecting Restart.
  • Click Start > Settings > Update & security > Recovery > under Advanced Startup, and click Restart now.
  • Boot to recovery media.
  • Use a hardware recovery button (or button combination) configured by the OEM.

After any of these actions, all user sessions are signed off and the Advanced startup menu will be displayed. If you select a WinRE feature from this menu, the PC restarts into WinRE, and the selected feature is launched.

#3. Does Windows 10 automatically create a recovery partition?

Yes, Windows 10 usually creates a recovery partition during installation, but issues might arise that lead to the disappearance of the recovery environment.

#4. Can I download the Windows 10 Recovery Environment separately?

No, the recovery environment is a part of the Windows installation. You can't download it separately, but you can create a recovery drive.

#5. What should I do if I can't access the Recovery Environment during startup?

Try using the Windows 10 installation media or a recovery drive. You can access advanced startup options to troubleshoot and recover your system.

The Epilogue

Windows 10 recovery environment missing problem is easy to fix with the above 5 solutions, just follow to fix, or it’s wise to create a new Windows 10 recovery environment to restore computer in time. And you could use these ways to fix Windows recovery environment missing problem as well.

Ivy · Editor
Ivy is an editor of AOMEI Technology, she covers backup & restore,hard disk & partitions management and cloud files transfer and so on for AOMEI. She is an outgoing girl and enjoys helping people find solutions to their problems. She loves traveling, eating, reading and so on. She usually hangs out with friends at her leisure time.