By Ailsa / Last Updated June 19, 2019

“I have a Dell computer running Windows 10. Today, I delete my recovery partition by mistake. So, I run a custom install for my Dell AW 15 R3. Everything is look like the same. However, I could not install the Dell recovery program due to the WinRE missing problem. What is a Windows recovery environment? How to do to repair Windows 10 recovery environment missing issue?”

What is a Windows recovery environment in Windows?

Windows Recovery Environment (WinRE) is a minimal OS based on Windows Preinstallation Environment, which can be used to repair the operating system boot failure. It has some tools for recovery: Automatic repair and other troubleshooting tools; Push-button reset; and System image recovery.

Generally, the WinRE image file named winre.wim will be saved in \Windows\System32\Recovery folder. However, sometimes, it may be saved to a separate hidden partition like system reserved partition, or recovery partition provided by the manufacturer.

Why Windows recovery environment missing in Windows 10?

Except for deleting recovery partition mistakenly, there are other causes for the Windows 10 Recovery environment missing:

  • Windows RE Status shows Disabled. If the WinRE is disabled in Windows setting, you cannot use it until you enable it.

  • The boot configuration store (BCD) does not contain the entries for recovery mode. If there is not an entry for recovery mode, you cannot access it unless you fix it.

  • Winre.wim file is missing or invalid. To fix the missing or corrupted system file, the simplest way is to perform sfc /scannow command. If it does not work, you can try to copy the Winre.wim file from a working and set the path again.

  • Winre.wim file might be infected with a virus. In this case, you need to run anti-virus software and remove the malware or viruses.

  • The WinRE configuration file ReAgent.xml is missing or contain incorrect data. You can try to delete this file and enable WinRE again.

  • Corrupted Windows registry keys.

How to repair Windows 10 Recovery Environment missing error?

According to the causes, we will provide you the corresponding ways to fix the error: unable to find the recovery environment in Windows 10.

Fix #1: Turn on Windows RE

If the Windows recovery environment is disabled, you have to enable it to take effect. If you are not sure, you can type reagent /info command to check the status first.

1. Press Start in Windows 10.

2. Type cmd and run as administrator.

3. Input reagent /info to check the status of WinRE and press Enter. If the Windows RE status shows Disabled, input reagentc /enablecommand to turn on the WinRE.

Reagentc Enable

After enabling this option, if you still cannot find the Windows Recovery environment, you could try another way to repair.

Fix #2: check and fix the WinRE entry in BCD

1. open the PowerShell with admin privileges and run the following command.

bcdedit /enum all

Bcdedit Enum All

2. In the Windows Boot Loader, find the identifier set as {current}, recoverysequence with its GUID value.

Identifier Recoverysequence

3. Find the identifier with the found GUID value. Make sure that the device and osdevice has the same path. Both device and osdevice show the path of Winre.wim file. If not, you need to run the following command and specify the current identifier to another drive which has the same path.

bcdedit /set {current} recoverysequence {GUID_which_has_same_path_of_device_and_device}

Identifier Guid

Fix #3: Fix missing or corrupted Winre.wim

1. Find the Winre.wim file on another working computer and copy it to C:\Recovery path on the current computer.

2. Type the following command to set the path again.

reagentc /setreimage /path C:\Recovery\WindowsRE

Reagentc

3. Type reagentc /info to check the path of Winre.wim file.

Fix #4: Use Windows 10 recovery drive

Windows 10 recovery drive can help you out when you receive the error message could not find the recovery environment in Windows 10. The premise is that you have a recovery created before. If not, you still can create Windows 10 recovery disk on a working computer with the same hardware. Then, see below.

1. Connect the recovery drive to your computer and set boot priority for your drive. Press Shift key while you restart your computer and then your computer will restart in the Windows Recovery Environment.

2. On the Choose an option screen, select Troubleshoot.

3. Select Advanced options on the Troubleshoot interface.

4. Then, select one of the recovery tool as shown in the following picture and run it according to the on-screen instructions.

Advanced Options

Fix #5: Use Windows 10 installation disc

If you have a Windows 10 installation disc, you could use it to reset Windows 10, and then the recovery environment could be fixed. However, sometimes, you may encounter the reset failed in Windows 10 error.

Detailed steps:

1. Create an installation disc on a working computer running the same version of Windows 10.

2. Connect the disc to your computer and set boot priority for it.

3. On the initial setup screen, click Next.

4. Click Repair your computer and select Troubleshoot on the next window.

5. Click Advanced options and choose a recovery tool to repair this issue.

A little advice: backup your computer with AOMEI OneKey Recovery

There is not a fix that is suitable for all users, so you need to protect your system and take precautions. Backup is one of the best solutions for disaster recovery. And here, I strongly recommend you the best system backup and restore software – AOMEI OneKey Recovery. It supports Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1 and 10, Windows Server 2003/2008 (R2)/2012 (R2)/2016, SBS 2003/2008/2011, WHS 2011.

The steps listed below to backup your computer.

1. First of all, download it and install to your Windows 10. Then open this program.

2. Click OneKey System Backup on the main interface.

OKR Backup

3. Tick Backup system to AOMEI OneKey Recovery Partition (Recommended) or Backup system to other location.

Backup to

4. Confirm that you want to create a system backup, then press Start Backup. To preview the destination disk, you can click Advanced options.

Confirm Backup

5. After a while, AOMEI OneKey Recovery will create recovery environment for Windows 10. Just click OK to exit. Then, you can go to This PC and there is two extra partition on the hard drive.

With a backup in hand, you can perform OneKey Restore in Windows 10 when the system fails to boot or other system files corruption. The instructions are below.

1. Click OneKey System Restore on main window.

OKR Recovery

2. Tick Restore system by using the image file in AOMEI OneKey Recovery Partition or Restore system by selecting a system image file, and hit Next.

Restore from

3. Press Start Restore to restore Windows 10.

Tips:

  • The System Recovery will be completed in WinPE.

  • If you could not boot up your Windows 10, you could press F11 or A key to enter onekey recovery environment to restore OS after you set the shortcut.

  • OneKey system backup and recovery provided by AOMEI also applied to Windows 7, 8, 8.1 and other popular operating systems.

With the help of AOMEI OneKey Recovery, you could add a new recovery option to your computer, and then restore your Windows 10 if required.