By Lily / Last update May 17, 2021

Windows 10 boot failure

“Hello, guys! I have a HP computer installed with Windows 10 operating system. It works fine until a recent update - the Windows 10 won’t boot after recent update. I’ve tried to repair the program, but the Windows 10 boot failure again. Is there a way to fix Windows 10 won’t boot without reinstalling?”

Actually, there are many users have met the the problem that when they turn on the computer but the Windows 10 won’t boot successfully. Well, “Windows 10 won’t boot” is common issue that can be caused by many reasons.

Why Windows 10 won’t boot?

To figure out why won’t your Windows 10 boot, you need to know about the Windows 10 boot process: 

When Windows 10 starts, the BIOS or UEFI Firmware is loaded, and performs a small set of checks on your hardware called Power On Self Test (POST). And then, the BIOS scans the hard disk master boot record (MBR), which loads an essential file into main memory called WINLOAD.EXE, which kicks off the start-up progress by loading the NTOSKRNL.EXE and HAL. Then, Windows 10 starts up and performs tasks such as initializing hardware like mouse and keyboard and reading the Windows Registry and user profile.

However, if there is anything wrong with WINLOAD.EXE, the Windows 10 won’t boot and you will see a black screen with gray test that reads “Windows Boot Manager” with an error:

File: \windows\system32\winload.exe

Status: 0xc0000605

Info: A component of the operating system has expired.

Windows-10 Not Booting

This could be a serous error, but don’t panic, you can fix the error with Startup Repair or BootRec Commands.

Fix Windows 10 won’t boot with Startup Repair or BootRec Commands?

A black screen and your Windows 10 boot failure often means that your master boot record is on the fritz. And here, you can try to fix Windows 10 won’t boot with Startup Repair and BootRec Commands.

Fix Windows 10 won’t boot with Startup repair

Booting into Windows recovery environment (Windows RE) to perform a startup repair, which can easily fix problems that keep Windows from loading. You can follow the steps below:

1. To access Windows RE, you need to turn your computer on and off three times. While booting, make sure you turn off the computer when you see the Windows logo. After the third time, Windows 10 will boot into diagnostics mode. Click Advanced options when the recovery screen appears.

Automatic Repair

2. Then, click Troubleshoot to get into Reset your PC or Advanced options.


3. Click Advanced options here.

Advanced Options

4. Then, click Startup Repair to fix Windows 10 won’t boot problem.

Click Startup Repair

Use the command prompt to fix it

If the Windows 10 Startup Repair not working, you can try to fix Windows 10 with BootRec commands.

First, you nee a Windows installation DVD. If you do not have, you can go to a working Windows 10 to create a recovery drive or create a bootable media.

* If you are tying to create a bootable USB, you need to set up your BIOS to boot from the USB drive.

Second, press F8 while booting the system to go into the Windows Recovery menu. Then, click Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > Command prompt.

Command Prompt

Then, in the command prompt, type in the following commands one after the other:

BOOTREC /FIXMBR (this command will fix any corruption issues with the master boot record)

BOOTREC /FIXBOOT (this command will attempt to write a new boot sector on the hard disk if Windows detects damage.)

BOOTREC /RebuildBcd (this command may be able to fix an error like “Boot Manager is Missing”, and can also restore boot entries for older versions of Windows if you have a dual boot configuration)

* You should press Enter after typing each command.

Bootrec Commands

Create bootable rescue media to prevent Windows 10 boot failure

It is wise to create a Windows 10 bootable rescue media so that in case something like Windows 10 won’t boot happens. In order to protect computers from attacks or being unable to boot, the best way is to create system backup and data backup in advance, and create a bootable device for recovery before accidents or even after them. When your Windows 10 won’t boot, you can use this bootable media to restore computer to an earlier date.

To create recovery media for Windows 10/8/7, you can use the freeware AOMEI Backupper, which integrates system backup, data backup, create bootable media and more functions. Here are the detailed steps:

Step 1. Free download AOMEI Backupper. Install it to your Windows 10 computer. To create recovery media, here you need to click Tools -> Create Bootable Media.

Download Freeware Win 10/8.1/8/7/XP
Secure Download

Create Bootable Media

Step 2. Here you can select bootable disc type in the following screenshot. Select Windows PE and it supports both legacy/MBR and UEFI/GPT boot modes.

Windows Bootable Disc


Step 3. Choose a CD/DVD or USB drive to create bootable recovery media, and click Next to run the progress.

Select Usb Device

Thus, create recovery media for Windows 10/8/7 with AOMEI Backupper is such a simple thing.


You can Fix Windows 10 won’t boot with Startup repair or BootRec commands. But it is no doubt that using AOMEI Backupper to create system backup and data backup in advance, and create a bootable device for recovery before accidents or even after them should be the best way. Besides the functions we mentioned, AOMEI Backupper allows you to do many things for keeping your data safe. If you need more, you can upgrade to AOMEI Backupper Professional to unlock more advanced features.