Repair Windows 11/10: Repair Boot USB Tool Drive

A Windows 10/11 repair boot USB drive can fix system errors and reset computer to a normal state. Read this detailed post to learn a step-by-step tutorial on how to create a Windows 10 boot repair tool USB, its benefits, and possible errors.


By Ivy Updated on June 13, 2024

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User case: Can I boot Windows 10 from USB repair?


I installed a recent update to my Windows 10 pro 64-bit machine, but I can't boot it normally. I tried the SFC Scannow,  DISM command, reset this PC, and keep my files, but no success. So can I use a Windows 10 boot repair disk to repair the OS?

The answer is YES, you can boot Windows 10 from a repair boot tool USB drive and repair your computer with corresponding recovery tools, such as bootrec commands. 

The benefit of the Windows 10 boot repair tool USB drive

A Windows 10 repair boot tool USB refers to a bootable recovery drive made with USB. If you've created it before the system crashes, you can fix issues, and reset Windows even when the computer fails to boot. And if you can't repair the system successfully, the bootable recovery drive also offers you an opportunity to reinstall Windows 10.  

⭐Quick Fixes for Boot Issues: It allows you to quickly address and fix common boot problems, such as missing or corrupted system files, which prevent Windows from starting properly.
⭐Accessibility: With a bootable USB drive, you can access the repair tool even if your system won't boot, providing a vital lifeline to restore functionality.
⭐Comprehensive Tools: The USB drive includes a suite of diagnostic and repair tools, such as System Restore, Startup Repair, and Command Prompt, enabling you to troubleshoot and resolve a variety of issues.
⭐Portability: It's easy to carry and use on multiple devices, making it a versatile tool for IT professionals and users who need to repair different Windows 10 systems.

In the following article, I will introduce how to make a recovery USB and how to use it to repair a system.

Note: If you have no USB around, only a CD/DVD, you can choose to create a Windows 10 system repair disc.

Create Windows 10 Repair Disk for Another Computer

To make a Windows 10 repair USB for another computer, or if you fail to create a recovery disk, turn to the professional bootable drive creator. More »

How to create a Windows 10/11 boot repair tool disk

It is a wise choice to create a Windows 10 repair USB drive in case of system problems. Here are the detailed steps:

Step 1. Connect a USB drive to your working computer and make sure it can be detected.

Note: Any data on the USB drive will be overwritten during the operation, please backup anything important first.

Step 2. In the search box, type "recovery drive" and choose "Create a recovery drive."

Step 3. In the small pop-up window, check the option "Back up system files to the recovery drive" and click "Next."

Create Windows 10 Repair Boot USB

Step 4. Select a USB flash drive and click "Next."

Select a USB Flash Drive

Step 5. Click "Create" to start the operation.

Click Create

Note: Sometimes, you will find Windows 10 bootable USB not working, click the given link before and fix the error.

How to repair Windows 10/11 from a USB drive

If you need to repair the system using a boot repair USB drive when your operating system fails to boot, you can insert the repair USB drive into your computer and enter BIOS to make your computer boot from the bootable disk first. Then, when the recovery screen appears, go to "Troubleshoot" > "Advanced options" > "Startup Repair."

Startup Repair

If Startup Repair can’t solve the problem, you can go to "Command Prompt" under "Advanced options" to repair Windows 10.

  • In the command prompt window, if you need to repair damaged system files, type "sfc /scannow /offbootdir=d:\ /offwindir=d:\windows" and hit the "Enter" key.

Repair Complete

Note: Replace d: with the drive letter of the partition that contains your Windows installation.

  • If you need to rebuild BCD settings, you can run the following commands:
bootrec /fixmbr
bootrec /fixboot
bootrec /rebuildbcd

Bootrec Commands

Ultimate Boot CD for Windows 10 boot repair tool

The Ultimate Boot CD is a free bootable recovery tool designed to fix and troubleshoot computers that won't boot. It includes diagnostic tools for testing the CPU, RAM, hard drive, video card, and other hardware components. This utility helps you diagnose issues and recover your malfunctioning computer.

Ultimate Boot CD

It provides excellent diagnostic tools and creates a bootable ISO on a CD, DVD, or USB flash drive. This tool allows you to run floppy-based diagnostics quickly from CD-ROM or USB devices, eliminating the need for outdated floppy disks. It sets up a virtual instance of the floppy within a BIOS-like user interface.

💡Windows 10/11 repair boot tool USB drive software

As described above, the bootable Windows 10/11 repair drive helps to fix boot issues and restore or reinstall the Windows operating system. However, it cannot be used to start other computers. Sometimes you are even unable to create a recovery USB disk. Despite these limitations, it remains a valuable tool for troubleshooting and repairing your own Windows device.

In this case, you can consider using another free backup software. AOMEI Backupper Standard is a good example.

AOMEI Backupper
Free Bootable Drive Creator
  • Create repair USB for other PCs - It allows you to create Windows 10/11 repair USB for another PC. Thus, you can use it on the current PC and another PC with different versions of Windows, including Windows 11/10/8.1/8/7/Vista/XP.
  • Flexible backup - Apart from creating a system image backup, you can also backup disks, partitions, or selected files/folders.
  • Auto backup - It allows you to perform automatic backup with different schedules including Daily, Weekly, Monthly, etc.

When your PC fails to start, you can boot it from a bootable USB drive and perform a system restore in the Windows Preinstallation Environment (WinPE). This process allows you to access the Windows 10 boot repair tool and restore your system to a previous state. To get started, download and install the freeware that supports creating a bootable USB drive. Give it a try to quickly recover your system and resolve startup issues.

How to create a bootable USB drive for Windows 11/10/8/7

Before creating bootable media:

  • Insert a USB drive into a working computer running Windows and ensure that it can be detected.

  • If you don’t want to lose data on the USB drive, you can make a backup before operation.

  • Create a system image and save it to a safe location in case of recovery needs.

Step 1. In the main interface, click “Create Bootable Media” under the “Tools” tab.

Create Bootable USB

Step 2. Select the type of bootable media. "WinPE" is recommended for more complete functions and easier operation. The created disc is compatible with both legacy/MBR and UEFI/GPT. 

WinPE Based Bootable Media

Step 3. Select a bootable media among three options (here USB Boot Device is chosen) and click “Next” to execute the operation.

Select Bootable Media

When the process completes, click on the “Finish” button.

How to boot from Windows 10/11 boot repair tool USB

With the created bootable USB drive and system image, you can fix the computer when it fails to access Windows.  Here's the approach:

1. Insert the bootable USB drive into the computer that needs to restore the system.

2. Press a certain key while starting the computer to enter BIOS.

3. Select the USB drive as the first boot option.

Change Boot Order

4. Access the main interface of AOMEI Backupper to restore the system.

· A bootable USB drive created by AOMEI works on any computer running the same or lower versions of Windows.
· If you want to restore a system image to another computer with dissimilar hardware, you may upgrade to the Professional edition and use the Universal Restore feature.
· In the Professional edition, you could go to Tools > Recovery Environment to enable the boot option of the AOMEI Backupper recovery environment. Thus you can perform a backup/restore operation when the system crashes even without a boot repair USB drive.

Create Recovery Environment

Causes of Windows 10 Boot Failure

There are several common causes for Windows 10 boot failure. Corrupted system files, often resulting from malware or improper shutdowns, can prevent the system from starting. Additionally, faulty hardware, boot configuration errors, driver issues, and malware infections can all lead to boot problems.

📌Corrupted System Files: Essential system files may become corrupted due to malware, improper shutdowns, or software conflicts.
📌Faulty Hardware: Problems with hardware components like the hard drive, RAM, or motherboard can prevent Windows from booting.
📌Boot Configuration Errors: Issues with the Boot Configuration Data (BCD) can cause boot failures. This might happen after a system update or improper configuration changes.
📌Driver Issues: Incompatible or outdated drivers can lead to boot problems, especially after installing new hardware or updating drivers.
📌Malware or Virus Infection: Malicious software can corrupt system files, alter boot settings, or damage essential components, causing boot failures.

FAQs about creating Windows 10 repair bootable USB

#1. Can I use any USB drive for creating a Windows 10 repair boot USB?

Yes, you can use most USB drives with sufficient capacity (at least 8GB). Ensure there's no critical data on the drive, as the process will format it.

#2. How do I boot from a Windows 10 repair USB?

Insert the repair boot USB into the computer, restart it, and access the boot menu or BIOS/UEFI settings. Select the USB drive as the boot device to launch the repair options.

#3. Can I use a repair boot USB on multiple computers?

Yes, you can use a Windows 10 repair boot USB on multiple computers. However, keep in mind that repair options may vary depending on the specific system and issues.

#4. Can I use a Windows 10 installation DVD instead of a USB for repair purposes?

Yes, you can use a Windows 10 installation DVD for repair purposes, but creating a repair boot USB is more convenient and often recommended for devices without an optical drive.

#5. How often should I create a new Windows 10 repair boot USB?

It's a good practice to create a new repair boot USB when you install major Windows updates or make significant changes to your system. This ensures that you have the latest tools and files.


If your computer becomes unbootable, it is nice to fix the issue using the Windows 10 boot repair tool USB. It is effective and simple to restore the system using bootable media created by AOMEI Backupper. All in all, it is wise to back up the system in advance so that you can restore the system if necessary.

If you want to protect unlimited computers within your company, you can pick AOMEI Backupper Technician. With the inbuilt AOMEI Image Deploy tool, you are also allowed to deploy/restore system image files on server-side computers to multiple client-side computers over a network.

Ivy · Editor
Ivy is an editor of AOMEI Technology, she covers backup & restore,hard disk & partitions management and cloud files transfer and so on for AOMEI. She is an outgoing girl and enjoys helping people find solutions to their problems. She loves traveling, eating, reading and so on. She usually hangs out with friends at her leisure time.