The USMT Alternative and User Profile Migration Wizard

If you are looking for an easy User State Migration Tool (USMT) alternative to migrate user profile, keep reading this article and I'll introduce you to such software.


by Ivy Updated on November 16, 2022

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What is Microsoft USMT?

The USMT is short for User State Migration Tool, which is a free Microsoft command line tool to migrate user accounts, user files and folders, operating system settings, application settings, network settings and registry keys between Windows computers for administrator. If you want to upgrade hardware or operating system for a large number of computers, the USMT will do you a big favor.

It replaced the deprecated Windows Easy Transfer in Windows 2000, XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, and 10, and utilizes the same underlying "User State Migration Tool engine" released by Microsoft. It is included in Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK), so please ensure you install Windows ADK before using USMT to migrate from 32-bit to 64-bit computer.

Note: If you just want to deploy a small number of computers or an individual customized computer, you could consider using Windows Easy Transfer. It also helps transfer files from old PC to new PC without losing data.

How to use Windows user profile migration tool - USMT

 The USMT allows you to modify the USMT .xml file to automate and precisely define the migration.  These .xml files are:

  • MigApp.XML. (migrate application settings)

  • MigDocs.XML. (migrate user documents)

  • MigUser.XML. (migrate user profiles and user data)

Here, to show you how to migrate files and settings from Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, or 8.1 (source computer) to Windows 10 (destination computer), 4 steps are listed below:

Step 1: Download and install USMT tools (included in Windows ADK).

You could download Windows Assessment and Deployment Kit (Windows ADK) for your current OS. Then install it. Please remember to check the User State Migration Tool (USMT) option.

Install USMT

Step 2: Gather data in Windows XP/Vista/7/8/8.1 using the USMT ScanState tool.

After installing Windows ADK features, please migrate user profiles and settings from Windows XP/Vista/7/8/8.1 (source computer) to Windows 10 (destination computer).

You need to back up the source computer, and then close all the applications. Because USMT will not migrate all the specified data when using the ScanState command if the application running.

1. Input cmd in the search dialog box in desktop, right click the Command Prompt and choose Run As Administrator.

2. Then run the following command to collect files and settings.

  • To collect all files and settings, type:

scanstate \\server\share\migration\mystore /i:migdocs.xml /i:migapp.xml /o


  • To exclude some certain operating-system settings, you have to create and modify a Config.xml file in the current directory. The command is:

scanstate /i:migapp.xml /i:migdocs.xml /genconfig:config.xml /v:13

3. Run USMTUtils command with /Verify option followed to make sure the migration store is intact. For example:

usmtutils /verify D:\MyMigrationStore\store.mig

Step 3: Install Windows 10 and all applications.

Install Windows 10 to destination computer, and ensure install the same version application on Windows 10 as the one on source computer. USMT does not support to migrate the settings from an older version to the newer version.

Step 4: Restore files and settings in Windows 10 using the LoadState tool.

Before restoring, close all the applications.

1. Input cmd in the search dialog box in desktop, right click the Command Prompt and choose Run As Administrator.

2. Run LoadState command to apply files and settings.

  • If you are migrating domain accounts, input:

loadstate \\server\share\migration\mystore /i:migdocs.xml /i:migapp.xml


  • If you are migrating local accounts along with domain accounts, input:

loadstate \\server\share\migration\mystore /i:migdocs.xml /i:migapp.xml /lac /lae

LoadState Local Accounts and Domain Accounts

Tip: Some settings will take effect while the user logs on again.

Need the best USMT alternative software - AOMEI Backupper

Although USMT is good at migrating profiles and settings between computers, like Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, and 10, it’s hard to use for ordinary users. And the UMST Windows 11 no longer migrates custom or standard background images, and the printers in the User Profiles are not being migrated as they did in the previous version. 

Is any USMT GUI software that I can use to migrate user profiles easily? You may want one and definitely, there is such software -  the best powerful USMT alternative – AOMEI Backupper Server.

It's more friendly and easy for users to migrate user files and settings with its Sync feature no matter what the system is. It’s designed for Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, 10, and 11, Windows Server 2003(R2), 2008(R2), 2012(R2), 2016, 2019, 2022, SBS 2003, 2008, 2011.

The user profile migration wizard - how to use USMT alternative

Assuming that you want to migrate user profiles from Windows 7 to Windows 10, follow the steps below. Here is the user profile migration wizard with the best USMT alternative - AOMEI Backupper Server. 

Please download this software on Windows 7 computer. To migrate user profiles in multiple computers, try AOMEI Backupper Technician or TechPlus edition.

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1. Before migrating, be sure you have a shared folder on Windows 10. If not, please create one now.

  • Right-click the folder that you want to store user profiles, choose Properties > Share ... under the Network File and Folder Sharing.
  •  In the Network Share window, type everyone, and click Add > Share to grant access to everyone.
  • Go back to the Properties window, and click Advanced Sharing... button.
  • Tick Share this folder, set the share name, number of users, comments and permissions, etc. 

Share This Folder

  • Finally, click Apply and then press OK.

2. Open the USMT alternative - AOMEI Backupper Server on Windows 7 computer, and choose Sync -> Basic Sync.

File Sync

3. Hit Add Folder button to choose the user profiles in Windows 7 computer as the source. Rename the Task Name if need be.

Add Folder

4. Click the inverted triangle icon > Add Share or NAS Devices, input the Network Path (Windows 10 IP address) and choose the Windows 10 network shared folder as the destination, click OK to confirm.

Type Network Path

5. Click Options to comment on the user profile migration task, enable email or SMS notification after the sync finished, etc. Press Start Sync >> to migrate user profiles from Windows 7 to Windows 10 safely.

Until now, the user profile migration wizard has been finished. Besides, the best USMT alternative - AOMEI Backupper Server allows you to perform real-time sync, mirror sync, and two-way sync, especially useful in a scheduled task.

  • Real-Time Sync: It will sync all files and changes (modified, deleted, or newly added) in real-time.  Compared with Basic Sync method, the biggest difference is the sync frequency, not daily, weekly, or monthly, but real-time. 
  • Mirror Sync: In this way, you can sync files and folders changed in the source, if you modify, deleted, or add any files in the destination, it will undo the changes in the next scheduled sync. 
  • Two-Way Sync: Unlike the previous 3 sync methods, it will sync files and changes made in the source and destination. And you can make it run automatically.

Also, if you want to backup files into an image file, you could try to create a file backup or directly backup files to AOMEI Cloud.

The Epilogue

As the best USMT alternative - AOMEI Backupper Server not only allows you to migrate user profiles from Windows 7 to Windows 10, but also migrates user profiles between Windows 10 computers, etc. If your Windows 10 is a bare machine, please try its Clone feature and migrate Windows 10 to SSD without reinstalling.

For IT professionals, you can try its command line utility to migrate user profiles, deploy system image to multiple computers over network with its image deployment software (supported by AOMEI Backupper Technician Plus), or create and manage backups for all computers from one management console with AOMEI Centralized Backupper, etc.

Ivy · Editor
Ivy is an editor of AOMEI Technology, she covers backup & restore,hard disk & partitions management and cloud files transfer and so on for AOMEI. She is an outgoing girl and enjoys helping people find solutions to their problems. She loves traveling, eating, reading and so on. She usually hangs out with friends at her leisure time.