By Yuka / Last update December 13, 2021

The necessity of auto backup files & folders 

In today's information age dominated by information, data backup has become extremely important. For most people, many files in the computer are very important. Once lost, the loss will be incalculable.

However, you don’t know when will the hard drive stop working, as well as some accidental events such as virus attack, blue screen, electricity failure or natural disasters happen to your computer. To avoid files and folders in your computer being damaged by these situations and decrease loss, it is of great importance to perform backups at a regular basis.

Nevertheless, the files and folders on the computer are changing at any time. Once you have modified your folders or added some new documents in them, you should back them up again. For some people who don’t have a habit of backing up, they may consider it as a troublesome process. Based on these circumstances, performing auto backups is the best choice. It can not only save your time, but also provide you with convenience.

How to automatically backup files and folders to USB drive in Windows 10?

Setting up auto backup files and folders to USB drive have distinctive advantages. For instance, users can restore their documents at any time or on any devices as long as their USB drives are around. Do you know any auto backup to USB drive freeware?  Two are introduced in this page. You can choose one according to your needs.

Way 1: Schedule Windows 10 automatic backup files and folders to USB drive via File History 

File History is a built-in backup tool in Windows 10. It only backs up copies of files that are in the Documents, Music, Pictures, Videos, and Desktop folders and the OneDrive files available offline on your PC. If you have files or folders elsewhere that you want to back up, you can add them to one of these folders. So how to perform auto backup folder to usb drive via File History, here are the details.

Step 1. First of all, connect a USB drive to your computer.

Step 2. Next, open Settings from the Start menu and go to Update & Security > Backup. (You can also tap Search and type “backup settings”)

Step 3. And then, click or tap “+” next to Add a drive to add a USB drive that File History will back up to. It’ll list external drives and give you the option to back up to them.

Add a Drive

Step 4. Click More options to configure how often File History backs up, how long it keeps those saved versions. What’s more, you can choose the folders you want to back up there.

More Options

By default, Windows 10’s File History will perform auto backup folders every hour, but you can change it another time, for instance, every 10 minutes, 15 minutes, 20 minutes, 30 minutes, 1 hour, 3 hours, 6 hours, 12 hours, or once per day.

Backup Frequency

And the saved backups will be kept forever by default. You also have other options such as keeping them one month, 3 months, 6 months, 9 months, one year, 2 years or until space is needed. 

Retention Time

Way 2: Schedule automatic backup files and folders to USB drive via AOMEI Backupper

In addition to the built-in tool File History, AOMEI Backupper Standard is another freeware which can perform Windows 10 backup folder to USB drive. Compared to File History, AOMEI Backupper has some outstanding advantages. It allows you to back up your files, folders, hard disk drives, partitions, dynamic volumes, applications and system drives, and to restore them later if data loss occurs.

Meanwhile, it runs backups relying on the backup method you choose, including Full Backup, Incremental Backup, or Differential Backup, and helps you save your storage space. So, how to perform auto backup of Windows folder to USB drive via the freeware? Steps are as follows.

Step 1. Download AOMEI Backupper Standard, install and launch it.

Download Freeware Win 10/8.1/8/7/XP
Secure Download

Step 2. Click Backup and File Backup.

File Backup

Step 3. Click Add Folder to select specific folders you want to backup.

Add Folder

Step 4. Click the second bar to select a destination path. In the pop-up window, select a USB drive that can be recognized by Windows. 

Backup to USB

Step 5. Click Schedule to configure how often you want to auto backup folder to USB drive.

In the General tab:

  • If you choose Daily, there are some other options. You can set a particular time at a day to back up your folders to the USB drive when it is plugged in.
  • If you select Weekly, you can choose the days, from Monday to Sunday, and set a time to perform automatic backup to USB drive.
  • If you select Monthly, you can make the backup run once on a particular time in a month.

Schedule Settings General

In the Advanced tab: You can choose the way to perform the scheduled backup, such as Full Backup, Incremental Backup, Differential Backup (available in paid versions). 

Schedule Settings Advanced

Step 6.  Click Start Backup after all configurations.

Start Backup

Note: It is worth noting that you must plug in the USB drive at the appointed time, otherwise this auto operation cannot be carried out successfully.



In a nutshell, data backup has been an indispensable part in our daily life. For the sake of preventing our precious files and folders from being damaged or lost by some unpredictable situations, we should at least master one method to auto backup folder to USB drive in Windows 10.

As mentioned above, the two free ways can both achieve the desired result. However, some people may experience Windows 10 File History not working problems like uncompleted data backup. As you can see, AOMEI Backupper Standard is worth recommending and trying for its simple operations and flexibility. And you can also enjoy other features such as System Backup, Disk Backup, Partition Backup. Go for it and have a try.