How to Backup Files to An External Hard Drive in Windows 10/8/7?

July 23, 2019

Backing up files to an external hard drive in Windows 10/8.1/8/7/Vista/XP is good choice to protect important files from losing. Free backup software - AOMEI Backupper is a better choice to do the job.

Why do I need to backup files?

It is a nagging question while some users still don't attach importance to files backup. They always think "data loss will never happen to me". If you spend much time on your computer, backup should be a must-have job during your computer experience. I have heard too many tragedies of people who lost all files because of system crashes, hard disk failure, power surge, or natural disaster.

Files backup can help you return things to normal when disaster strikes. By backing up files, you have a copy of your files. In this way, if your computer crashes or is attacked by a virus which causes data loss, you will be still able to restore files from backup images to your computer. Unlike disk backup, you don’t need to backup all files on disk, but only the files which are of the most importance to you or cannot easily replaced, such as financial information, digital photos, music, or programs.

Where should I store my files backup?

The first rule is you'd better to store them separately from your computer. There are many possible locations for backing up your files such as a CD/DVD, an external hard drive, a NAS device, and online storage. For home users, an external hard drive is very reliable and reasonably cheap nowadays. Compare with CD/DVD, it is exceedingly light and portable as well as has more storage space to keep more backup versions. Compare with NAS or online storage, it saves time and money. To enhance the safety of your backed up files, I recommend you should backup your files regularly and prepare for two external hard drives - bring one to work, and the other stays at home.

How to backup files to an external hard drive?

As free backup software, AOMEI Backupper Standard is not only easy to use, also brings complete features. It allows you to do system backup, disk imaging, individual files & folders backup. What’s more, you can do schedule backup, incremental & differential backups. Before you start, please connect your external hard drive with computer and make sure it can be accessible.

Step 1: Download, install, and launch AOMEI Backupper. And then choose "Backup" -> click "File Backup".

File Backup

Step 2: You can type a new task name in the box. Click "Add File" to choose the files you want to backup or "Add Folder" to backup folders.

Add Folder

Step 3: Choose a folder from your external hard drive to store file backup image. When you are ready, click "Start Backup" to back up files to the selected external hard drive.

Start Backup

Step 4: When the operation has been completed successfully, click "Finish" to return the main interface where you can manage your backups.


Now you can disconnect your external hard drive and put it in a safe location. If you replace your computer with a new one, you can also connect the external hard drive and restore files.