By Ivy / Last Updated July 1, 2020

Does windows 10 have a backup utility?

If you don't have a backup for your Windows 10, you should be. Then, you need a free backup software. But what is the best backup utility for Windows 10? Does Windows 10 have a built-in backup utility? You may have this doubt.

To get clear idea, you can type backup in the search box and select backup settings, then you will see all the backup tools and backup options, namely "Back up using File History", "Look for an older backup", "Choose the right backup options for you". Following will introduce in detail.

Backup Settings

Windows 10 backup software

As you can see from above, Windows 10 not only have a file backup utility, but also have a system backup software. Now, let's see them specifically.

File history, Windows 10 file backup utility, was first introduced in Windows 8 and inherited in Windows 8.1/10. It was designed to back up your personal data in the user folder by default, including Desktop, Documents, Downloads, Music, Pictures, Videos, and parts of the AppData folder. What's more, Windows 10 file history is more flexibly and allows you to backup specific folders. It retains multiple previous versions, so you can get back in time.

Backup and Restore (Windows 7), Windows 10 system backup software, as the name suggests, it was originally a system image backup tool for Windows 7 and still keep in Windows 8/10. It will backup everything stored on your system partition, including installation files, settings, and installed apps and all your personal files. More importantly, it makes up for the shortcomings of file history can not do a complete system backup for Windows 10, thus ensuring the security of your computer system.

Windows 10 backup options

To get information about backup options, you can click "Learn more about backup options" under Choose the right backup options for you, and then it will jump to a new window that list all Windows 10 backup options.

  • Cloud-based backup: This option is mainly to keep your data away the risk of local backup, such as, system crash, disk failure, virus, fire, etc. Also, it allows you to easily access from multiple devices and recover files.

  • External hard drive or network drive backups: These options are especially useful when internet access isn't availble, or you want to backup large files or a large number of files.

  • Legacy backups: This option is to advise you to use modern backup options like cloud backup, file history backup, not limited to old backup and restore in Windows 7.

Windows 10 recovery tools

Beside backup utility, Windows 10 still provides users with many recovery tools, such as, System Restore, Reset this PC, Advanced startup, Recovery drive, to help users restore computer to a good state. Let's have a close look at them.

  • System Restore: This feature focus on restore computer to an ealier date and fix smaller issues related to Windows system files, certain rpogram files, registry settings and hardware drivers. For example, if the recently installed drivers damaged, you can undo the changes by restoring from a system restore point.

  • Reset this PC: This feature avoids reinstalling Windows 10 operating system from scratch and gives users a chance to keep personal files during the process.

  • Advanced startup: This feature help users to access Windows recovery environment and troubleshoot computer in trouble with a number of recovery tools. If your computer is bootable, you can go to Settings > Update & security > Recovery > Advanced Startup and click “Restart now". If not, press and hold Shift key while click Restart button.

  • Recovery Drive: This feature can help you create Windows 10 recovery disk, start the unbootable computer and access the advanced startup options to repair the failing computer.

How to use Windows 10 backup utility?

Backup files on Windows 10 and restore from Backup

To automatic backup files on Windows 10 to external hard drive or network location, type backup settings and select it, then click " + " button next to Add a drive, and choose external hard drive or network drive as backup locations, finally click "More options" and "Back up now".

By default, the schedule backup interval is "Every Hour" and backup retention is "Forever". If you think that such a frequent backup will take up too much space, you can change it to a longer interval and shorter retention time. Also, you can exclude or backup certain folders by clicking "Add a folder" under related header.

Backup Files on Windows 10

To restore files from backup in Windows 10, you can type "restore files" in the search box and selecr "Restore your files with File History", use the left arrow or right arrow to find your files and click the green button to restore your files to original location. Also, you can use "Restore Previous Versions" from the context menu. It's much easier.

Select One Backup

Create Windows 10 full backup and Restore from backup

To create system image Windows 10, go to backup settings and click "Go to Backup and Restore (Windows 7)", then click "Set up backup" > select external hard drive > tick "Let me choose" > Tick items under Data Files > Tick system partition and other partition under Computer > tick "Include a system image backup..." and finally click "Save settings and run backup".

Backup Files on Windows 10

Notes ✎...
• The default schedule backup is 7:00PM every Sunday, and you can modify it to your preferences by clicking "Change schedule" at the last window. Also, you can click "Change settings" later at the first page of Backup and Restore (Windows 7).
• To manage backup space, go to "Backup and Restore (Windows 7)" and click "Manage space", then you will see two link, namely Data file backup and sytem image, just click the button below to free up disk space.

To restore Windows 10 from backup, you need to prepare a repair disc or recovery disk and ensure you have a working system image backup. Then, restart your computer and boot from the bootable media, click "Next" > "Repair your Computer" > "Troubleshoot" > "System Image Recovery" in order, select Windows 10 and "Use the lastest available system image (recommended), finally follow on-screen instructions to finish the rest of steps.

Restore Windows 10 System Backup

Windows 10 backup tool is not good enough

Honestly, Windows 10 backup software can help you protect personal files and system to some extent. However, they still have some disadvantages you cannot ignore. Now, let's talk about it.

The biggest disavantage of Windows 10 file history is it does not create a full system backup. But the legacy backup tool make up for this. So, this can be ignored. Next, file history schedule backup requires the external drive connected always, but you may receive "Reconnect your drive" error sometimes. And when you want to backup files to another drive, but receiving error like "File History doesn't recognise this drive". At the same time, this tool does not delete file history backup in Windows 10 automatically.

Speaking of Backup and Restore (Windows 7), the most obvious flaw is that the latest system backup will overitten previous one and it cannot be restored to a different computer. Also, you may be tired of its backup speed, very slow, or even overnight. In addition, the backup and restore process always fail with various error messages, such as, "Windows backup did not complete successfully", "The backup failed", "cannot find a system image", etc.

Best backup utility for Windows 10

Using multiple software to backup files, system, and then recover is quite troublesome, isn't it? What's worse, it's still no guarantee that will work properly. Wanna get rid of these problems? You can turn to a third-party all-in-one backup and restore software, which can backup files, system, disk, partition and then restore them. Also, the bootable media is supported.

Here, I srongly recommend you use AOMEI Backupper Standard, which fully meets all the requirements. At the same time, it also comes with many useful features, such as, daily backup, incremental backup, Normal or High compressional level, etc. Then, see what they do for you.

  • Daily/weekly/monthly schedule backup: Have you ever suffered from data loss due to forgetting to back up? If you are one of them, these features can help you and the backup process will start automatically. And it keeps multiple backups for you, so you can restore to any previous backup versions, not limited to one version.

  • Incremental backup: Does creating a full backup each time waste too much time and disk space? You could consider using incremental backup that only backup changed files since the last backup.

  • Compression: Are you receive error messages like not enough space when creating a system or file backup? To resolve this problem, you can choose to compress your backup with normal or high compression level. By comparison, the high compressional level requires more backup time and less disk space.

  • Email notification: Do you want to leave directly in case of emergency? This feature provides you with such an opportunity and will inform you of the final result.

Are you surprised by its useful features? If you happen to have these needs, download this software and use it to perform Windows 10 automatic backup for your computer. Any type of backup is OK.

Backup Windows 10 to external drive and Restore with AOMEI Backupper

This software can do all kinds of backup, and here just take system backup as an example to show you the detailed steps. If you want to backup filles in Windows 10, you can use "File Backup" in this software. Before start, you need to connect the external hard drive to your computer and make sure it can be detected.

To create incremental backup for Windows 10, launch this software, click "System Backup" and select external disk as destination path, then click "Schedule" and "OK", finally click "Start Backup".

System Backup

Notes ✎...
• This software will automatically select the C: drive and boot related partitions when creating a system backup.
• This software not only can backup Windows 10 to external hard drive, but also backup computer to flash drive, network drive, cloud drive like Google Drive etc.
• Incremental backup is default backup settings, so you just need to enable schedule settings.

To restore Windows 10 from backup, click "Restore" and "Select Task", choose a system image and destination path, then click "Start Restore". If your target disk is SSD, tick "SSD Alignment" to speed up the performance of SSD.

Restore Windows 10

Notes ✎...
• If your backup is not recognized, you need to click "Select Image File" instead of "Select Task".
• If you are restoring OS to different computer with dissimilar hardware, you are supposed to use "Universal Restore (supported by professional version)", which can resolve the driver incompatibility of different computer and ensure secure boot.


Windows 10 backup utility is an essential tool for you to prevent from data loss and serious computer issues, such as, system crash, disk failure etc. But, it's not good enough. To be honest, if one software can do everything, there is no need to use multiple software, which may still cannot work properly. Worse, this makes backup management difficult.

Then, what is the best backup utility for Windows 10? AOMEI Backupper will be a great choice. It can not only backup files and system, but also backup disk, partition and come along with many practical features, such as, daily incremental backup, compression, splitting, and so on. Also, its higher version supports more features, including event triggers, USB plug in, daily differential backup, scheme, and more. To learn more, go to edition comparison page.