Content of this article:
Should I do file backup or system backup in Windows 10 64 bit?
Overview of Windows 10 64 bit System
The Windows 10 64 bit system is a computer with 64-bit processor that is capable of more computational values, including memory addresses. For example, a 64-bit system can use 264 memory addresses. It’s actually 18-Quintillion GB of RAM. In addition, the 64-bit processor can run multiple tasks or applications smoothly at once.
So, this type of system is commonly used in the fields that required high performance, such as, mechanical design, analysis, animation, video editing and authoring, science, and computing, etc. Of course, you can use 64-bit system according to your needs.
Should I do file backup or system backup in Windows 10 64 bit?
In general, a system image will include all files on the current disk, but you cannot restore files from system backup individually. So, some users don’t know which type of backup should be done? Here, I’ll show you some ideas for reference only.
System backup: It is able to copy everything on the system drive, including the operating system, system reserved partition and other boot files, installed programs, saved files and folders. So, when your system or disk crashes, you still can restore your computer easily without reinstalling Windows 10 64-bit system.
File backup: It only backup the files and folders you selected. It’s more important than fragile. If you accidentally delete your personal files, your data will go forever without a backup.
In sum, if you have to choose a backup type between them, you’d better create a file backup. If not, you can choose backup files daily and backup system monthly or longer.
Does Windows 10 have a built in backup program?
As matter of fact, Windows 10 provides users with 2 helpful backup utilities - Backup and Restore (Windows 7) and File History to backup system or files. The latter even allows you to backup specific folders in Windows 10. But they are limited to users' files until you add them to it. And the system backup can only be used on the same computer.
To backup system or files more flexible, it's suggested to try best backup software for Windows 10. It needs to meet the following conditions. You can use it as a reference.
Support all backup and restore solutions on 32-bit and 64-bit system. With an all-in-one backup and restore software, you can backup system, disk, partition, files and restore them as needed.
Backup system or files continuously: It is able to backup Windows 10 with daily, weekly, monthly frequency.
Backup only changed files: It is capable of creating an incremental backup for changes only, which saves much backup time and disk space.
Other useful features: It supports creating bootable USB or CD/DVD to boot computer when it fails. This greatly increases the risk of a crash-resistant system.
And all the operations are based on an intuitive interface, so users can understand it easily. I strongly recommend you a worry-free backup software AOMEI Backupper Standard.
How to backup Windows 10 64 bit effortlessly
Here I'll show you two helpful ways to backup Windows 10 64 bit. One is using the worry-free backup software - AOMEI Backupper Standard, while the other is to create a system image backup with a built-in tool. Select the one best meets your needs. Note the built-in tool Backup and Restore (Windows 7) is not updated and maintained in Windows 10 and Windows 11.
Method 1: Backup Windows 10 64 bit system with AOMEI Backupper
AOMEI Backupper has no restriction of choosing destination location, so you can backup to internal hard drive, external hard drive, cloud drive, NAS, etc. However, in the event of hard drive failure, it’s recommended to backup to external hard drive or other storage device outside computer.
Here I’ll take system backup as an example and show you the detailed steps. Please download this software and install it on your computer. For server users, try AOMEI Backupper Server.
1. Prepare an external hard drive and connect it to your computer before creating a backup. In the main page, click "System Backup" under Backup tab. To backup files, click “File Backup” as instead.
Note: This software will automatically select the system needed files to backup, so you don’t select it manually.
2. Click where the arrow point and select the external hard drive as the destination path.
4. Click “Start Backup” to backup Windows 10 64 bit system.
This only backup item on the Windows 10 64-bit at the moment you backed it up, not including changes made later. To keep all changes made later, you need to set Schedule Backup and backup system automatically. You can choose among Daily, Weekly, Monthly, Event trigger, and USB Plug in. The last two premium features are available on the professional version.
By default this software will create one full backup and 6 incremental backups if you set a scheduled backup task. This may result in backup disk full issue in the long run, thus it's suggested to enable Backup Scheme and delete backup file automatically. You have 3 options, By quantity, By time, By daily/weekly/monthly. You need to upgrade now (5% off for one computer) before using it.
And the incremental backup has a high requirement for recovery while the differential backup is much easier. For differences between them, learn my previous article: Incremental or Differential Backup.
Besides, you still can enable email notification to confirm if your backup task is complete. Comment, split, compress the backup image, or select a backup mode, etc.
Method 2: Backup Windows 10 64 bit system with built-in tool
Here you will use old backup software in Windows 10 - Backup and Restore (Windows 7) to backup Windows 10 64 bit OS.
1. Go to “Control Panel” by typing control panel in the search box and hit "OK" to run it .
2. Select “Backup and Restore (Windows 7)”.
3. Click “Create a system image”.
4. Select a location to save the backup and click Next. You have three available options in total, namely, On a hard disk, On one or more DVDs and On a network location.
5. Confirm your backup settings and click “Start Backup” to finish the last step. The process may take from 10 minutes to several hours, depending on the amount of data your system have and the speed of both hard disks.
After the backup process is complete, you will be asked to create a system repair disc, which can help you boot computer when it refuses to boot. It requires one or more CD/DVD disc. If you don't have any of them, you could consider using Windows 10 recovery drive to create a recovery disk with USB drive.
Drop it in the box
To backup Windows 10 64 bit, you use the best backup software for Windows 10 - AOMEI Backupper or built-in backup software Backup and Restore (Windows 7), it's all your decision. But you have to know that the later one may not work as usual and throw you error messages, just like “system image backup failed”, “the system writer is not found in the backup”, etc.
Thus, if you want a stable software with rich backup features, it's a wise choice to use AOMEI Backupper Standard. To unlock all features, you need to use its advanced version, such as, AOMEI Backupper Professional. With it, you can backup system, disk, partition, file and set backup settings like event-trigger backup, compression, encryption, backup scheme, create bootable media, etc.