By Lily / Last update June 13, 2022

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What is data migration?

Data migration is the process of moving data to other computers or storage devices. In routine work activities, there are three common data migration: storage migration, cloud migration and application migration. Below are some situations when you want to transfer your data to another place:

  • Replace old or bad disks.

  • Upgrade a smaller drive to a larger one or SSD disk.

  • Migrate data to another disk for backup.

  • Migrate OS only to SSD for better performance, such as, faster speed, lighter weight, and lower consumption, etc.

Then, you may wonder how to perform data migration from one hard drive to another. The best way is to use a free data migration software for HDD/SSD. If you search on the Internet, you'll find different tools available - software provided by disk vendors or a third party disk clone software. Please keep reading below to learn more.

Which is the best free SSD migration software?

This may be a common question for users who want to migrate data or OS to SSD. Don't be in a hurry, and you will get the answer soon! Speaking of the best free data migration software for SSD, you may think about the software provided by disk vendors, such as, Samsung Data Migration, Intel Data Migration software, etc. Now, let's get to know more of them.

Samsung Data Migration software is designed to help you migrate all of your data from the current system disk to a new Samsung SSD, including the operating system, application software, user data, and so on.  

But it only supports cloning to Samsung SSD disk. That's to say, you cannot use it to migrate data to other branded SSD disks. Also, it may not always work properly, throwing you different errors, such as, Samsung Data migration Software won't install, Samsung Data Migration cannot change source disk, Samsung Data Migration stuck at 99%, etc.

SDM Start

Also, Intel Data Migration Software is able to migrate data from HDD to SSD easily and quickly, but it's limited to a new Intel SSD. Except for the clone feature, it still allows you to create bootable rescue media and wipe the old disk with integrated Acronis DriveCleanser. However, this software is no longer available after March 24, 2020, and no updates are supported.

Intel Data Migration End of Life

Except for these data migration software provided by disk vendors, you still could consider using a reliable data migration software for SSD like AOMEI Backupper Standard. It supports cloning HDD to SSD of all disk brands, such as Samsung, HP,  WD, Intel, Seagate, etc. Windows 11/10/8/7/XP/Vista are supported. Below are some other advantages for this software:

  • Support Disk Clone and Partition Clone. It allows you to clone MBR system disk, data disk or specific partition(s) as you like.
  • Support Intelligent Clone, Sector by Sector Clone, and Live Clone. It is capable of cloning only used sectors or all sectors of a hard drive to another one while you are working on your computer as normal.
  • Boost performance of SSD disk. It is able to accelerate the reading and writing speed of an SSD disk as well as prolong its lifespan with the "SSD Alignment" feature.

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In addition, if you'd like to make a few investments, you can still enjoy more useful features in the advanced version of AOMEI Backupper, such as, clone MBR disk to GPT without converting partition style and vice versa, migrate only OS to SSD, resize partitions, etc.

In sum, if you want a data migration tool for Samsung SSD, you could consider using Samsung Data Migration. If you want a data migration utility for all disk brands, AOMEI Backupper Standard will be a great choice. 

Use Samsung Data Migration to migrate data and OS 

SDM is very popular Samsung data migration software to migrate HDD to SSD because of its simple interface and easy steps. Before start, please connect the Samsung SSD and be sure it's recognized. Then, let's learn the detailed steps:

Step 1. Install and launch SDM. Then click Start.

Step 2. Select your Source Disk (Disk1) and Target Disk (Disk2). Then click Start.

SDM Select Disk

Step 3. The SDM begin to clone. You can get this interface.

SDM Begin To Clone

Step 4. After cloning you will get a completion screen. Then you can click Quit.

SDM Quit

Use AOMEI Backupper Standard to migrate HDD to SSD easily

AOMEI Backupper Standard, as the best universal SSD data migration software, is praised by many SSD users. Similar to Samsung Data Migration, it has easy steps and lucid interface, and can be used for all disk brands. Below are the detailed steps:

Step 1. Connect your SSD to your computer. It can be any disk brands, such as, Samsung SSD, WD SSD, Intel SSD, Seagate SSD, etc.

Step 2. Download and install AOMEI Backupper Standard. After installation, open it, click Clone and then Disk Clone in order.

Download Freeware Win 11/10/8.1/8/7/XP
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Disk Clone

Step 3. Select your original system disk (Disk0) as the Source Disk. Then click Next.

Select Source Disk

Step 4. Select your new SSD (Disk2) as the Destination Disk. Then click Next

The SSD disk will be overwritten during the cloning process. So, if you have some important data on it, you need to backup them in advance.

Select Destination Disk

Step 5. You can have an Operation Summary in this interface. Check SSD Alignment to accelerate the speed of your SSD. Then click Start Clone.

Start Clone

Also, you can use Sector by sector clone to keep the old partition layout or Edit Partitions to adjust the partition size on the destination disk. And the later one is more practical, since it resolves two potential issues during the cloning process. 

#1: The cloned drive not show full capacity.

By default, all the cloning software makes an exact copy of source disk unless you change the partition size while cloning. To prevent this from the beginning, try the following 3 options. And the last two options are available on the Professional version.

👉 Copy without resizing partitions: It will not resize the partition size.

👉 Add unused space to all partitions: It will reallocate the unallocated space to each partition of the target disk, appropriate for the disk size.

👉 Manually adjust partition size: It allows you to extend unallocated space to any partition on the destination disk you want. 

Add Unused Space

#2: The cloned drive not bootable after cloning.

One of the biggest reason is the destination and source disk has different partition style and you don't convert them to the same before cloning. In this situation, you can simply check Convert the destination disk from MBR to GPT or vice versa, depending on the disk partition styles of them. 

Both MBR and GPT are two different disk types for data storage. And you can check its disk properties in Disk Management. The overall steps are below:

  • Press Win + R to open the Run window. Then, type diskmgmt.msc and hit OK to open disk management.
  • Then, right-click the disk you want to clone and select Properties in the pop-up window.
  • In the Properties window, select the Volume tab and confirm the partition style. It can be MBR (Master Boot Record) or GPT (GUID Partition Table).

Disk Partition Style

  • Similarly, check the disk partition tyle of the destination disk. If it is still MBR, you can clone hard drive from bootable USB for free. To clone GPT to GPT (eg: clone NVMe to NVMe), MBR to GPT or GPT to MBR, try professional version.

Tips on check if the cloned SSD is bootable:

Way 1: Enter into the BIOS and change the boot order to the SSD, then boot from it.  

Change Boot Order

Way 2: Replace the source disk with the SSD to let your computer boot from it.

Summary

With the development of society, data plays an important role in our daily life and we need the best free data migration software for SSD/HDD in different situations. Some disk vendors provide data migration software for you, such as, Samsung Data Migration. However, if the software provided is at the end of its life, or disk vendors do not provide any software, you can use a reliable third-party software like AOMEI Backupper Standard.

It supports cloning all kinds of SSD disks in Windows 11/10/8/7, such as, clone HDD to Samsung SSD, clone Intel SSD to another SSD, clone hard drive to WD SSD, etc. Also, it supports the Intelligent Clone feature, so you can clone large HDD to smaller SSD successfully without any obstacle. 

In addition, it is still all-around backup software, so you can use it to create a schedule backup, incremental and differential backup, system backup, dissimilar hardware restore, etc. Some features are charged, and in this case, you need to upgrade to the professional or advanced version first.