By Ivy / Last Updated March 4, 2020

What is Windows backup and how does it work?

Backup tools work with a restore tool, that's to say, you can see the value of your backup when your computer cannot boot. However, what is the Windows backup and how does it work?

Windows Backup and Restore is a built-in tool in Windows which can make an entire copy of your operating system, program files, libraries etc. when you backup with Windows utility, you can choose to backup your system automatically or manually. After you finish the system backup, you will be asked to create a system repair disc. It can help you to repair your computer when your computer cannot boot.

Many people realize that backup is very important and they want to backup their system in case something unexpected happens, such as hard drive failure, virus attack etc. Even if these failures happen, it will be ok if you have a backup. Unfortunately, you cannot access it or you cannot see the content of your backup.

How to backup your system image with backup tools?

When many users want to backup their Windows operating system including Windows 7/8/10 etc, the first one they think about may be Windows Built-in Tools. Windows 7 comes with Backup and Restore tool which can be a helping tool to backup your operating system. At the same time, you still can use it to back up your operating system in Windows 8 and Windows 10. Aside by that, in Windows 10, you can find a backup tool named File History. Other than Backup and Restore, it’s a tool designed to backup important files in your user folders, such as Desktop, Documents, Downloads, Music, Pictures, Videos, and parts of the AppData folder.

Aside by Windows built-in tool, there are a lot of powerful tools you can use to backup operating systems, disks, partitions etc. AOMEI Backupper is one of the magic software. With it, you can do many tasks connected to disk or partition, such as System Backup, Disk Backup, File Backup, Replace HDD to SSD, Clone Partition etc.

In general, you can use Backup and Restore to backup your system. However, many users are not willing to employ it. In Windows, you are only allowed to backup partitions or disk with the NTFS file system. To game enthusiasts, they will want to retain Partitions with the FAT32 file system. With AOMEI Backupper, you can overcome it and get more advanced functions, such as Backup to network drive, Enable Backup Options, Event trigger, Real-time Sync, File Sync etc.

Why backup tools work with a restore tool and how to restore it?

We can make a backup but we cannot see the content of it. Only when we restore it, we will know the backup we made before works. The value of a backup is to restore your computer from the previous status and can successfully boot it.

Below, we will show you two methods and walk you through every detail step of all process.

1. Create a system repair disc and use it

Before you start to create a system repair disc, you are supposed to create a system image backup if you do not have. If you already have, continue to see below.

Create a system repair disc with windows utility

Step 1: Click Start Menu, type Backup and Restore, then click it.

Step 2: Click Create a system repair disc

Create a System Repair Disc

Step 3: Select your CD or DVD and click Create disc.

Select a CD or DVD Drive

Step 4: This is the process of creating a system repair disc and wait for all ends.

the Process of Creating a System Reapir Disc

Step 5: After finishing all operations, you will receive a window with Repair disc Windows 7 64-bit like below.

Successfully Create a System Repair Disc

Tip: Save your system repair disc in a safe place.

Use the system repair disc to recover your computer

Step 1: Shutdown the computer, insert the system repair disc in the CD/DVD drive on the computer and boot your computer.

Step 2: When you see a prompt, press any key to start the computer from the system repair disc.

Step 3: Choose your language settings, and then click Next.

Step 4: Click Next in the System Recovery Options window and you will see some system recovery tools, then choose one according to your needs.

System Recovery Options

Step 5: After you use any of these tools, click Restart. If you have enough time, you can choose to click Shut Down.

2. Create a bootable disc and restore your previous backup with backup software.

Make a bootable disc with AOMEI Backupper

Step 1: Download AOMEI Backupper and install it.

Step 2: Enter the main page, click Utilities and Create Bootable Media subsequently

Create Bootable Media

Step 3: Select Bootable Disc Type and click Next

Windows Bootable Disc

Step 4: Select the PE boot mode and click Next.

Windows Legacy Boot

Step 5: Select Bootable Media and click Next.

Three Bootable Media

Step 6: Now, this is the last step. Just wait and click Finish.

Restore your operating system with bootable disc

Step 1: Plug your USB hard drive, boot your computer and enter the Windows PE environment. You will see the main page of AOMEI Backupper, click Restore at the left panel of this window and hit Select Task to select a system backup you made before.

Select Task Winpe

Step 2: Select a backup image from your previous backup.

Select Backup Image

Step 3: Tick Restore this system backup and click Next.

Select Entire Backup Or Partition

Step 4: Select a destination path for your backup.

Select Destination

As you can see from above window, there’s another choice at the bottom. If you want to restore your system backup to a computer with dissimilar hardware, you need to tick Enable Universal Restore. The function is only available on the paid version. Thus, you still employ AOMEI Backupper Standard, you need to upgrade it to professional.

Step 5: Preview the Source Partition and Destination Partition, then click Start Restore.This is the last step. Just wait and click Finish after all ends. At last, change the boot sequence in BIOS and restart your computer.

Preview Restore


Yes, backup tools work with a restore tool. You can see the value of your backup after you restore it, especially when your computer crashes or hard drive fails. With AOMEI Backupper, you can create a bootable disc to make a backup even when your computer crashes or hard drive fails. Then, restore it to your computer via Windows PE environment. Just download and try it.