By Cherry / Last Updated December 16, 2020

About VHD & VHDX

VHD, the short of Virtual Hard Disk, is a file format which represents a virtual hard disk drive. If you create Windows image backup using Backup and Restore, you now get Windows backup to VHD and you will get a WindowsImageBackup folder in the destination, and the path just like:\WindowsImageBackup\computer name\Backup YYYY-MM-DD HHMMSS. And get multiple .VHD files and several .xml files. How many VHD files mean that you have how many disks or partitions.

VHDX (Virtual Hard Disk V2) is the successor format to VHD. Now it is used for disk images instead of VHD. Because there are some difference between VHD and VHDX: capacity limit. VHD is limited up to 2 TB while the VHDX is limited up to 64 TB. You can mount VHDX just like mount VHD.

Sometimes, you have to mount the VHD or VHDX file to access files from the backup, what should you do? There are 4 ways included in this article for you.

Way 1. Mount Windows image backup VHD with Disk Management

Here is the guide to mount and unmount VHD or VHDX file with Disk Management:


Mount Windows image backup with Windows Disk Management listed below.

1. Right click This PC -> Manage, select Disk Management, or you can open the Disk Management by pressing Win+X (Win10), select Disk Management.

2. Click Action, select Attach VHD.

Attach VHD

3. Then, locate the Windows system image VHD/VHDX file by clicking Browse and hit OK.

Confirm Attach VHD or VHDX

4. After attached, you will find the partitions or disk did not show in File Explorer only visible in Disk Management. Now, you should do is assigning drive letter for the partitions on the mounted disk: Right click the partition > Change Drive Letter and Path... > Add... > Choose a drive letter > OK.

Assign Drive Letter for Mounted VHD

Now, you could browse files, copy files, drag and drop files, recover single or multiple files from your Windows image backup.

Mounted Windows Image Backup VHD or VHDX


1. In Computer Management, click Action > All Tasks > Detach VHD.

Detach VHD Disk Management

2. And then click OK.

Confirm Detach

Or you could right click the mounted disk, and select Detach VHD. It will execute the detachment immediately.

Detach VHD or VHDX

Note: Detaching VHD or VHDX is a little difference in Windows 7, please do not check the box of “Delete the virtual hard disk file after removing the disk”, or your system image backup will be deleted.


Way 2. Powershell Mount VHD/VHDX

Besides, you could use the Mount-VHD command to mount one or more Windows image backup VHD or VHDX files in Hyper-V, Windows Server 2012, 2016, 2019.

The syntax of Mount-VHD is listed here:

Mount-VHD [-Path] <String[]> [-NoDriveLetter] [-ReadOnly] [-SnapshotId <Guid>] [-Passthru] [-CimSession <CimSession[]>] [-ComputerName <String[]>] [-Credential <PSCredential[]>] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [<CommonParameters>]

For example, mount the VHDX file located in \\\sharefolder\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx, please input the command:

Mount-VHD -path \\\sharefolder\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx

Powershell Mount VHD or VHDX

Here is the detach VHD or VHDX command:

Dismount-VHD –Path "[location of vhd]"

For example:

Dismount-VHD \\\sharefolder\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx

Sometimes, you will get the error: The term 'Mount-VHD' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program. To fix it, you have to install Hyper-V first.

Way 3. Mount VHD/VHDX file with Command Prompt

Run the following commands from an elevated command:

  • diskpart

  • select vdisk file="D:\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx"

  • attach vdisk

Attach VHD or VHDX Command

And you could unmount the VHD or VHDX file with the command:

  • diskpart

  • select vdisk file="D:\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx"

  • detach vdisk

However, you might encounter the mount VHD error like: Sorry, there was a problem mounting the file. Or you don’t have permission to mount the file. The fix is copy the VHD or VHDX file from one location to another, and mount it.

If you still have problems to mount the VHD or VHDX file, please try the next solution.

Way 4. Mount Windows image backup VHD with AOMEI Backupper

Here will introduce you a much easier way to mount Windows system image to VHD in Windows PCs and Servers. That is using the great third party software AOMEI Backupper Server. It is very simple to use this software to create Windows system image, and mount Windows image for browsing or recovering individual file.

Step 1. Install and launch AOMEI Backupper. To mount Windows system image, here you need to create Windows system image backup first. Select System Backup under Backup tab.

System Backup

Step 2. Then, choose another local partition as destination place to store system backup image. Click Start Backup.

Start Backup

Step 3. If you need to mount Windows system image backup, you can select Explore Image under Tools tab.

Explore Image

Step 4. Then, select a backup image and select a backup point in the list to explore files on VHD. Click Next.

Select Backup Point

Step 5. Here you could assign drive letters for partitions in the image file to explore it in My Computer. Click Next.

Assign Drive Letter

Step 6. Then, wait till the progress reaches 100%. click Finish.

After that, you have already finished the job “mount Windows system image backup”. Then you can access the backup image VHD in Windows Explorer or recover specific files from Windows backup.

Unmount Windows system image backup also simple with AOMEI Backupper. Click Tools > Explore Image > select the drive letter and click Detach. And it will detach the virtual partitions from My Computer.

The End

It’s easy to mount the Windows image backup VHD or VHDX file according to the above steps. And AOMEI Backupper is not only a VHD mount tool but also the VHD viewer that can help Windows users backup and restore easily. Besides, you can use it to import/export configuration file to manage you backup tasks, check image, or merge images. It is convenient for Windows users.

If you want to protect unlimited computers within your company, you can pick AOMEI Backupper Technician Plus. With the inbuilt AOMEI Image Deploy tool, you are also allowed to deploy/restore system image file on server-side computer to multiple client-side computers over network.