4 Ways to Mount Windows System Image Backup VHD/VHDX File

4 ways provided in this article to mount or unmount Windows image backup VHD or VHDX file in Windows 10/8/7 and Servers, just refer to the step-by-step guide to mount VHD/VHDX. Please read on.


by Lily Updated on December 21, 2023

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About VHD & VHDX

VHD, short of Virtual Hard Disk, is a file format that represents a virtual hard disk drive. If you create Windows image backup using Backup and Restore, you now get Windows backup to VHD and you will get a WindowsImageBackup folder in the destination, and the path is just like:\WindowsImageBackup\computer name\Backup YYYY-MM-DD HHMMSS. There can be multiple. VHD files and several .xml files. How many VHD files mean that you have how many disks or partitions.


VHDX (Virtual Hard Disk V2) is the successor format to VHD. Now disk images use VHDX format instead of VHD because of the difference between VHD and VHDX: capacity limit. VHD is limited up to 2 TB while the VHDX is limited up to 64 TB. You can mount VHDX just like mounting VHD.

Sometimes, you have to mount the VHD or VHDX file to access files from the backup, what should you do? There are 4 ways included in this article for you.

Way 1. Mount Windows image backup VHD with Disk Management

Here is the guide to mount and unmount VHD or VHDX file with Disk Management:


Mount Windows image backup with Windows Disk Management listed below.

1. Right click This PC -> Manage, select Disk Management, or you can open the Disk Management by pressing Win+X (Win10), select Disk Management.

2. Click Action, select Attach VHD.

Attach VHD

3. Then, locate the Windows system image VHD/VHDX file by clicking Browse and hitting OK.

Confirm Attach VHD or VHDX

4. After the file is attached, you will find the partitions or disk did not show in File Explorer but only visible in Disk Management. Now, what you should do is assign drive letter for the partitions on the mounted disk: Right click the partition > Change Drive Letter and Path... > Add... > Choose a drive letter > OK.

Assign Drive Letter for Mounted VHD

Now, you could browse files, copy files, drag and drop files, recover single or multiple files from your Windows image backup.

Mounted Windows Image Backup VHD or VHDX


1. In Computer Management, click Action > All Tasks > Detach VHD.

Detach VHD Disk Management

2. And then click OK.

Confirm Detach

Or you could right click the mounted disk, and select Detach VHD. It will execute the detachment immediately.

Detach VHD or VHDX

Note: Detaching VHD or VHDX is a little different in Windows 7. Please do not check the box of “Delete the virtual hard disk file after removing the disk”, or your system image backup will be deleted.


Way 2. Powershell Mount VHD/VHDX

Besides, you could use the Mount-VHD command to mount one or more Windows image backup VHD or VHDX files in Hyper-V, Windows Server 2012, 2016, 2019, 2022.

The syntax of Mount-VHD is listed here:

Mount-VHD [-Path] [-NoDriveLetter] [-ReadOnly] [-SnapshotId ] [-Passthru] [-CimSession ] [-ComputerName ] [-Credential ] [-WhatIf] [-Confirm] [(CommonParameters)]

For example, mount the VHDX file located in \\\sharefolder\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx, please input the command:

Mount-VHD -path \\\sharefolder\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx

Powershell Mount VHD or VHDX

Here is the detach VHD or VHDX command:

Dismount-VHD –Path "[location of vhd]"

For example:

Dismount-VHD \\\sharefolder\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx

Sometimes, you will get the error: The term 'Mount-VHD' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program. To fix it, you have to install Hyper-V first. 

Way 3. Mount VHD/VHDX file with Command Prompt

Run the following commands from an elevated command:

  • diskpart

  • select vdisk file="D:\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx"

  • attach vdisk

Attach VHD or VHDX Command

And you could unmount the VHD or VHDX file with the command:

  • diskpart

  • select vdisk file="D:\WindowsImageBackup\DESKTOP-EL3UFCG\Backup 2020-12-15 075201\10ae79f1-3117-4168-b159-19790f1113bf.vhdx"

  • detach vdisk

However, you might encounter the mount VHD error like: Sorry, there was a problem mounting the file. Or you don’t have permission to mount the file. The fix is to copy the VHD or VHDX file from one location to another, and mount it.

If you still have problems mounting the VHD or VHDX file, please try the next solution.

Way 4. Mount Windows image backup VHD with AOMEI Backupper

Here I will introduce a much easier way to mount Windows system image to VHD in Windows PCs and Servers. That is using the great third party software AOMEI Backupper Server. It is very simple to use this software to create Windows system image, and mount Windows image for browsing or recovering individual files.

What's more, you are allowed to create recovery environment using AOMEI Backupper so that you can backup and restore your computer without booting Windows. Just download it to have a try! 

Download Free Trial Windows PCs & Servers
Secure Download

Create Windows system image

Step 1. Install and launch AOMEI Backupper. To mount Windows system image, here you need to create Windows system image backup first. Select System Backup under Backup tab.

System Backup

Step 2. Then, choose another local partition as destination place to store system backup image. Click Start Backup.

Start Backup

Mount system image

Step 1. If you need to mount Windows system image backup, you can select Explore Image under the Tools tab.

Explore Image

Step 2. Then, select a backup image and select a backup point in the list to explore files on VHD. Click Next.

Select Backup Point

Step 3. Here you could assign drive letters for partitions in the image file to explore it in My Computer. Click Next.

Assign Drive Letter

Step 4. Then, wait till the progress reaches 100%. Click Finish.

After that, you have already finished the job “mount Windows system image backup”. Then you can access the backup image in Windows Explorer and recover specific files from Windows backup.

Unmounting Windows system image backup is also simple with AOMEI Backupper. Click Tools > Explore Image > select the drive letter and click Detach. Or just shut down your computer, and the virtual drives will be automatically detached.


The End

It’s easy to mount the Windows image backup VHD or VHDX file according to the above steps. And AOMEI Backupper is not only a VHD mount tool but also a VHD viewer that can help Windows users backup and restore easily. Besides, you can use it to import/export configuration files to manage your backup tasks, check image, or merge images. It is convenient for Windows users.

If you want to protect unlimited computers within your company, you can pick AOMEI Backupper Technician Plus. With the inbuilt AOMEI Image Deploy tool, you are also allowed to deploy/restore system image file on server-side computer to multiple client-side computers over network.

Lily · Editor
Lily Green joined AOMEI in 2018 and has since become a professional in the areas of data protection and data transfer. She is committed to helping users protect their precious computer data and troubleshoot Windows system errors. She consistently stays vigilant about the latest trends in technology, guaranteeing that the given information aligned with the ongoing advancements in the field.