How to Wipe a USB Drive Completely | 3 Secure Methods

How to wipe a USB drive completely? Before discarding an USB or using an old one second hand, you must make sure there’s no sensitive information or virus & malware remained. Here are 3 methods to help you do that.


by Delia Updated on March 12, 2024

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The necessity to wipe a USB drive

Want to discard, resell, or give away a USB drive? Then you must be extra careful with the data issue. According to a study from Comparitech, a significant percentage of people do not properly erase all the data before throwing away their USB drives, and a small percentage do not even make an attempt.

As a result, the leftover files including business documents, job applications, private photos, ID scans, receipts, etc. might be transparent to deliberate snoopers. It’s not hard to image how catastrophic this would be. Even worse, the data that has been manually deleted can be retrieved with recovery tools easily.

On the other hand, when you reuse an USB drive or purchase a second-hand device, you may also be concerned about legacy data, viruses, or even surveillance software. If you really want to avoid such worries, it’s a must-do to completely wipe your USB flash drive or hard drive.

How To Wipe Usb Drive

Can a flash drive be erased or reused?

Yes, a flash drive can be erased and reused multiple times. 

To erase a flash drive, you can simply format it using your computer's built-in formatting tools or third-party software. Formatting removes all data from the drive and prepares it for reuse. Keep in mind that formatting doesn't securely erase the data; it can still potentially be recovered using specialized software.

Once a flash drive is erased, it can be reused for storing new data. Flash drives are designed to be rewritable, allowing users to delete old files and write new ones as needed. As long as the flash drive remains functional, it can be erased and reused countless times.

How to wipe a USB drive completely (3 methods)

Since the ordinary means of deletion cannot erase all the files on USB permanently, what’s the best way to wipe a USB drive on Windows 10/8/7? Here are several ways that you can use to clean a flash drive or an external hard drive. Disk wiping is not complicated, but the tools that come with Windows don’t give you many options. They are usually not as secure as specialist data erasing tools, either.  So among them, Method 1 is the most secure one.

Method 1. Wipe a USB drive with specialist software safely🔥

If you are particularly concerned about privacy, or if you have stored some very important data on the USB drive, then the Wipe Disk feature of AOMEI Backupper might be a better choice.

◆ First of all, it allows you to wipe any USB flash drive or external/internal HDD (even the system disk). You’ll be given options to erase selected partitions, or delete all partitions along with all sectors on a disk.

◆ There are 4 different methods come with different speed and security level, like, fill sectors with zero, fill sectors with random data or Gutmann.

◆ Disk wiping is just one of its functions. As an all-around data protection tool, it offers professional backup and recovery service to help you avoid data loss. For example, you can backup files on USB drive before erasing it.

◆ For a USB that you no longer use regularly, you can also use AOMEI Backupper to create a bootable USB, which works as a disaster saver when your computer crashes suddenly.

You can download this software and unlock all wiping methods.

Download Free Trial Win 11/10/8.1/8/7/XP
Secure Download

Please note:
This feature doesn’t support wiping dynamic disks currently.
The erased data is unrecoverable, please make a backup using file backup or disk backup feature at first.

How to wipe a USB drive safely in Windows 10/8/7:

1. Launch the software, go to Tools and select Disk Wipe.

Wipe Disk

2. Choose Wiping Type. You can either wipe selected partitions & unallocated space, or wipe all the partitions on the disk. Select Wipe disk here to wipe a USB drive, click Next to continue.

Choose Wipe Disk

3. Select the disk or partitions you want to erase. Then click Next.

Wipe Data Select Disk

4. Choose Wiping Method according to the safety level and wipe speed, and Start disk wiping.

Start Wipe Disk Fill Sectors With Zero

*If you have any further question, please tap the Help button in the left-bottom corner to learn more.

Method 2. Erase a USB drive with Format

Before starting, it should be clear that formatting or deleting is not the same as wiping. When you format a USB drive, the data is still here, just can’t be accessed by the operating system. There are chances to recover it until the specific sectors are actually overwritten. But if you don't have any sensitive data on the USB Drive, this method might be sufficient.

How to erase a thumb drive or hard drive via format:

1. Connect the USB drive to your computer, make sure it can be detected in File Explorer. Then right-click the drive to choose Format.

2. Select a File system you want, and remember to uncheck Quick Format, because it only deletes the files on the USB drive but not fully erase them, which makes the data easy to recover.

3. Then click Start to execute formatting and wait for it to complete.

Format Usb


  • You can format a drive in Disk Management with similar steps. Just right-click it and choose Format to proceed.

  • If there’s any important data in USB you don’t want to lose, remember to backup files before reformatting.

Method 3. Clean a USB drive with DiskPart

DiskPart gives you options to format or clean a drive, here I’ll introduce clean command since it’s a safer way to erase data. But please note, if you use “clean” command in the last line, it won’t wipe the USB drive thoroughly, and the data is still recoverable. 

To remove sensitive information securely, please use “clean all” instead, though it will take longer time.

How to clean a flash drive or hard drive with command:

1. Search for “CMD” to find Command Prompt, and choose Run as administrator.

3. Enter following commands and press Enter after finishing each line.

List disk
Select disk x
Clean all

*x refers to the disk you want to select

Disk Clean

After completion, all the partitions on the USB drive will be wiped out. If you want to keep it for reuse, you can initialize the disk then.

FAQ on Wiping Your USB Drive

1. How do I wipe a USB drive securely?

Answer: Securely wiping a USB drive involves completely erasing all data so it cannot be recovered. You can use specialized software like AOMEI Backupper to securely wipe the drive so as unrecoverable.

2. Can I just delete files from my USB drive to wipe it?

Answer: Simply deleting files from a USB drive doesn't completely erase them; they can still be recovered using data recovery software. To properly wipe the drive, you need to use a formatting or wiping tool that overwrites the data with random characters or zeroes.

3. What's the difference between formatting and wiping a USB drive?

Answer: Formatting a USB drive prepares it for use by creating a file system and directory structure. Wiping, on the other hand, completely erases all data from the drive, making it unrecoverable. While formatting is a quick process, wiping takes longer but ensures data cannot be recovered.

4. Can I use the built-in formatting tool on my computer to wipe a USB drive?

Answer: Most built-in formatting tools only perform a quick format, which doesn't securely erase data. However, some utilities offer an option for secure formatting or wiping. It's best to use a dedicated wiping tool or follow specific instructions provided by the manufacturer.

5. Is there a way to wipe a USB drive if it's malfunctioning or not recognized by my computer?

Answer: If a USB drive is malfunctioning or not recognized, you may still be able to wipe it using specialized data recovery or disk management software. Alternatively, some USB drives have a physical write-protect switch that can prevent data from being altered, allowing you to safely dispose of the drive. If all else fails, physically destroying the drive is the most secure option.


The importance of privacy security needs no further elaboration today. The question is, how to wipe a USB drive safely and completely? You should know that manually deleted data can be easily recovered - the same goes for a formatted drive. If you really want to prevent privacy breaches, or use a second-hand USB drive without worry, Disk Wipe feature provided by AOMEI Backupper is worth trying.

It offers multiple wiping methods with different security levels, even the DoD 52220.22-M or Gutmann. Moreover, as a comprehensive program, it also helps you with daily data protection, like backup windows 10 to USB, backup files to USB based on schedule, or auto backup USB drive when plugged in.

Delia · Editor
Delia owns extensive experience in writing technology-related blog posts, and has been a part of AOMEI since 2020 to provide expertise in data security and disaster recovery. She works with Windows operating systems, SQL databases, and virtualization platforms such as VMware and Hyper-V, specializing in troubleshooting and advising on data protection and migration.