[Guide] Manage Different SQL Constraints: Dropping for Data Flexibility

SQL constraints act as powerful guardians, fortifying data quality and maintaining consistency. This article delves into the intricates of them, exploring how to drop SQL constraint safely.


By Zelia / Updated on August 22, 2023

Share this: instagram reddit

What is a SQL constraint

SQL constraint is a predefined rule or condition that is applied to a database table or columns within a table. It enforces data integrity by specifying limitations and requirements for the data that can be inserted, updated, or deleted in the table. Constraints ensure that the data within the database remains accurate, consistent, and adheres to predefined criteria, helping to prevent errors, inconsistencies, and unauthorized changes. They play a crucial role in SQL maintaining the reliability and validity of data in a relational database management system (RDBMS).


Different constraints in SQL

In SQL, various types of constraints are used to enforce specific rules and maintain data integrity within a database. These constraints ensure that the data stored in the database remains accurate, consistent, and aligned with predefined criteria. Here are the different types of constraints commonly used in SQL:

Primary Key Constraint

This constraint ensures the uniqueness and integrity of a column or a combination of columns within a table. It acts as a unique identifier for each record in the table.


college_id INT NOT NULL,

college_code VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,

college_name VARCHAR(50)


Foreign Key Constraint

A foreign key constraint establishes a relationship between two tables. It ensures that the values in a column (the foreign key) of one table correspond to the values in the primary key column of another table (the referenced table).



customer_id int REFERENCES Customers(id)


Unique Constraint

The SQL unique constraint ensures that the values in a specified column are unique across all the rows in the table.



college_code VARCHAR(20) UNIQUE,

college_name VARCHAR(50)


Check Constraint

A check constraint enforces specific conditions or expressions on the values within a column. It restricts data entry to meet certain criteria.



amount int CHECK (amount >= 100)


Not Null Constraint

This constraint ensures that a column does not contain null values. It guarantees that the column always has valid data, promoting data accuracy and consistency.


college_id INT NOT NULL,

college_code VARCHAR(20) NOT NULL,

college_name VARCHAR(50)


Default Constraint

A default constraint specifies a default value for a column if no value is explicitly provided during an insert operation.


college_id INT PRIMARY KEY,

college_code VARCHAR(20),

college_country VARCHAR(20) DEFAULT 'US'


How to drop SQL constraint

Dropping a constraint in SQL Server involves removing a previously defined constraint from a table. Here's how you can do it:

ALTER TABLE table_name
DROP CONSTRAINT constraint_name;

  • table_name: The name of the table from which you want to drop the constraint.
  • constraint_name: The name of the constraint you wish to drop.

Remember that the specific syntax may vary depending on the type of constraint you are dropping. Be cautious when dropping constraints, as they play a vital role in maintaining data integrity. Always ensure that removing a constraint won't lead to data inconsistencies or conflicts.

Secure alternative to perform automatic SQL Server backup

Just as constraints ensure the accuracy of data, a robust strategy for data protection becomes imperative. This brings us to the crucial juncture of SQL Server backup solutions.

A reliable backup strategy is essential to protect against data loss or corruption. AOMEI Cyber Backup, a professional SQL database software, emerges as a robust solution, offering automated SQL Server backups that ensure the availability and recoverability of your critical data. To get started, you can download and install AOMEI Cyber Backup on the server. Have a try on the 30-day free trial:

Download FreewareMicrosoft SQL Server 2005-2022
Centralized and Secure SQL Backup

Before you perform a database backup, please make sure:
1. Your computer with both AOMEI Cyber Backup Agent and Microsoft SQL Server installed.
2. The local disk or network shared to store backup files.

Specific steps to backup and restore SQL server database

1. Access to Source Device >> Add Microsoft SQL. If the database exists and the version is supported, it will appear automatically. Otherwise, you can click ​​​Add Microsoft SQL >> Download proxy program, and install the program on the device with SQL Server installed. Then click​​​​​ Already installed proxy and select the proxies you want to add.


2. Click >> Authentication to validate the database instance. You can choose Windows Authentication or SQL Authentication. Enter the credentials and click Verify.


3. Click Backup Task >> Create New Task, and select Microsoft SQL Backup as your backup type. Then set Task Name, Device Name, Target, Schedule, and Cleanup as needed.

Task Name: Change the task name or use the default name with an ordinal.


Device Name: Specify the SQL instance and the database that you intend to back up. Depending on your requirements, you can select the number of databases for backup.


Backup Target: Define the Backup Target by indicating a local path or a network path.


Schedule (optional): Set up a schedule to run the SQL database backup daily/weekly/monthly and specify the backup method as Full/Incremental/Differential Backup.


Cleanup (optional): Automatically delete the old backup copies that exceed the retention period you specified.


Email Notification (optional): If you set up Email Notification, you canreceive email notifications when the task is abnormal or successful.


4. Start backup: You can choose to Add the schedule and start backup now or Add the schedule only and click Start Backup to executeSQL server automatic backup.


5. Restore from backup: Click Backup Task on the left menu bar, locate the task you want to restore, and click >> Restore. Then select the backup task and specify the target location (Restore to original location/Restore to new location) according to your need.



SQL constraints play a fundamental role in ensuring data consistency and accuracy within a database. By defining rules and conditions, constraints enforce data integrity and prevent the entry of invalid or inconsistent data. SQL constraints help maintain data quality and establish relationships between tables. Utilizing these constraints allows for efficient data management, reducing the risk of data corruption or errors.

On the other hand, SQL Server backup is essential for data protection and disaster recovery. Backing up a database can be restored in the event of data loss, hardware failure, or other emergencies. Regular backups provide a safety net and enable the restoration of a database to a previous state, minimizing downtime and ensuring business continuity.

Zelia · Editor
Zelia is an editor from AOMEI Technology.She mainly writes articles about virtual machine. Writing is one of her hobbies and she wants her articles to be seen by more people. In her spare time, she likes to draw and listen to music, and it is a pleasure for her to focus on her own world.