By Lora / Last update May 12, 2022

Recently my Seagate 1 TB desktop HDD completely stopped working. It wont show in BIOS and no question of appearing in Desktop. I had lots of important files, pictures and projects stored in it. My question is what do I do to recover files from that hard disk?

- Question from tom’s HARDWARE

Data loss caused by hard drive corruption is not seldom seen in life. Numerous users have tried dead hard drive recovery, or now are anxious to recover data from dead hard drive.


So. How does a hard drive corrupt or get damaged? Is it possible to get data back? How to get data from dead hard drive? Before moving on to the solution, it is necessary to learn some possible reasons for a dead hard drive.

Common causes of dead hard drive

Hard disk damage is often classified into two types: physical damage and logical damage.

Physical damage is typically irreversible. If your hard drive got physically damaged, it is suggested to send it to the local hard drive repair service;

logical damage, on the other hand, may get repaired by formatting, repartitioning, and other means; meanwhile, the data on the damaged hard drive can be recovered.

The following are the most prevalent causes of physical and logical hard disk damage.

Physical damage:

Extreme temperature (overheating or too cold). Many applications will monitor the hard disk S.M.A.R.T. temperature and provide a high-temperature alert while monitoring computer hardware to help users understand the state of the hardware.

Power failure during use. Power failure protection is nearly always included in enterprise-level solid-state drives to safeguard the data from loss in the case of a power outage.

Humidity or liquid. If the hard disk power supply plug becomes oxidized and corroded because of humidity, it may cause poor contact, resulting in the actual voltage supplied to the hard disk being too low, which may result in the hard disk failing to be recognized.

Shake or bump. When the external hard disk is in use, the internal head assembly and the platter are both spinning at high speeds, and the disk is readily scratched if it is struck by an external force.

Wear and tear. Hard disks have a lifespan and will wear out over time; in general, the lifespan of a mechanical hard disk will not surpass ten years.

Logical damage:

Virus invasion. For example, a boot sector virus, which infects a floppy disk's boot sector or a hard disk's master boot record (MBR). The boot sector virus may encrypt the boot sector, making removal difficult. And also makes it difficult to recover MBR partition table.

File system corruption. During every write and data migration operation, the SSD will invariably modify the FTL (Flash Translation Layer). If the hard drive is modifying the FTL when the power is turned off and the change is not completed, the entire file system will become paralyzed.

Bad sectors. Bad sectors are areas where data cannot be written on the computer hard drive. Due to improper read and write operations, such as forcibly switching the machine on and off, software running incorrectly, etc., it is possible to cause logical bad sectors.

Signs of dead hard drive

Then how can users find if their hard drives are on the edge of corruption? Here are some common symptoms.

Clicking sounds. When booting up your PC, you may hear some weird clicking or whirling sounds caused by torn heads or platter scratches.

Files missing or corrupted. If the disk has logical failure due to file system corruption/virus attack, files may become unreadable or disappeared.

Black screen. If a dead hard drive occurs, you may fail in entering the desktop and stuck on the black screen.

Unreadable hard drive. Hard disk bad sectors, the poor performance of heads, or firmware damage will prevent data from being read regularly and the disk from being recognized.

BSOD (Blue Screen of Death). Hardware failures, memory failures, power failures, etc. can all cause a blue screen.

So, how to get data from dead hard drive? Check it out in the next part.

How to recover data from dead hard drive?

If the hard disk is physically damaged, the most common manifestation is that the hard disk cannot be recognized, which is generally irreversible and cannot be repaired by software. It is difficult for ordinary users without troubleshooting experience and conditions to handle it by themselves. Please send the hard drive to a professional hard drive repair service asap.

If your hard disk is logically damaged and can still be recognized, you can try to use software or tools to recover files and then repair it. This article only provides instructions for data rescue. Please follow the instructions below to recover files from dead hard disks.

Method 1. Get data from dead hard drive using Windows File Recovery

In 2020, Microsoft officially released a file rescue tool, Windows File Recovery.  This is a command-line tool to recover deleted or lost files from healthy/damaged/formatted hard drives. 

Windows File Recovery does not have an intuitive graphical interface, and users need to use commands for recovery mode and switch parameters to perform file rescue. Get help to learn how to use Windows File Recovery better, and for more detailed instructions on recovery modes and switches.

Firstly, Go to This PC by pressing Win+E > right-click on the drive that has lost files > Properties.


If your hard disk cannot be summoned, try to re-plug or use another cable/interface. If you are using an external hard disk, you can try connecting the external hard disk to another computer.

If it still cannot be recognized, it is likely to have been physically damaged. Please send it to a professional repair service immediately; if readable, refer to the table below to select the appropriate recovery mode.

File system Scenarios mode
NTFS Deleted recently Regular
NTFS Deleted for a while Extensive
NTFS Formatted disk Extensive
NTFS Corrupted disk Extensive
FAT and exFAT Any Extensive

Regular & Extensive are two basic modes; also it offers two advanced modes: Segment & Signature. Segment mode can be used with NTFS, while Signature can recover lost files under all File systems.

In addition, switches are available for narrowing the scanning range.

Switches Meaning Supported mode(s)
/n Filter the scan range: scans for a specific file with its file name/path/type, etc. All
/y: Recover specific extension groups. Signature
/k Recovers system files. NTFS
/u Recovers undeleted files, for example, from the Recycle Bin. NTFS

Now please follow the tutorial to get data back from deas hard drive using Windows File Recovery.

This tool only applies to Windows 10 2004 and above.
If a prompt asks whether allow the app to make changes to your device, select Yes to enable it.
The source and destination drives cannot be the same.
If run into the error "Windows File Recovery failed to create destination folder", please get help.

Step 1. Download Windows File Recovery from Microsoft Store.


Step 2. Start the program, input the recovery command according to your specific situation. The command structure is:

winfr source-drive: destination-drive: [/mode] [/switches]

For instance, if you need to recover pdf files from a corrupted D: drive to E: drive, then you should use Extensive mode; and to filter the folder, use Segment. Then the command goes like this:

winfr D: E: /segment /n *.pdf


Step 3. Then after the recovery process, a folder named Recovery will be created in the destination.

Windows File Recovery could indeed recover deleted/lost files, but it is pretty tough to handle, because of the complex commands, syntax, and parameters.

Method 2. Recover data from dead hard drive via a professional Windows data recovery tool

For ordinary users, how to recover data from dead hard drives easily without worrying about the commands? To get rid of the difficult commands, an helpful and easy tool - AOMEI Data Recovery for Windows could be utilized.

Supported by a sophisticated team, it is equipped with efficient and advanced techs and algorithms. With it, it can scan and detect your deleted or lost data from NTFS/FAT32/exFAT/ReFS hard drives, etc.

As long as your hard drive can still be recognized by the computer, you could use this application to solve your problem.

AOMEI Data Recovery for Windows

Use the professional data recovery tool to save your time and labor.

  • Retsore deleted data while preserving all filenames, formats, and directories.
  • In just three steps, you can easily restore deleted and missing files.
  • Data recovery from HDD/SSD/USB/SD card, and so on.
  • Recover lost or deleted data with high efficiency and speed.
  • Support Windows 11/10/8/7 SP1/Server.
Download SoftwareWin 11/10/8/7/Server
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Now follow the instructions below to get data back from dead hard drive effortlessly.

Step 1. Launch the program > select a partition to start data recovery > Start Scan.


Step 2.  During the process, you could directly recover the files it detected, or also, you could wait for the complete scanning result.


Step 3. You could go to Other missing files > select types of data that you want, for example, Excel files > Recover x files.


You could also use this tool to recover deleted files from laptop hard disk

How to prevent a dead hard drive

Except for trying to perform dead hard drive recovery, some related suggestions of precautions are attached here.

  • Please do not shut down suddenly while using the device.
  • Clean dust regularly to prevent dust from affecting the heat dissipation of electronic components.
  • Keep the disk from high heat. It is suggested to keep the disk running from 68°F to 77°F.
  • Create backups of your data and utilize antivirus software regularly.

To recover data from dead hard drive, users can get help from the method given in this post.

A dead hard drive recovery software can be at your help here. Last but not the least, making backups regularly is always the best bet to prevent a future loss.

AOMEI Backupper could guard your data firmly with a lot of helpful backup features.