[Full Tutorial] Broken Laptop Hard Drive Data Recovery

Can you recover data from a broken laptop hard drive? Of course, you can. This post provides you with a full tutorial on how to perform broken laptop hard drive data recovery.


By Ellie / Updated on April 3, 2024

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How do I recover data from a broken laptop hard drive?

“I have important data on a broken laptop. How do I recover data from a broken laptop hard drive?”

-Question from Quora

Broken Computer

Performing broken laptop hard drive data recovery is possible. However, different methods must be used for different types of damage. Let's see the cases:

  • ✍A laptop is physically damaged or broken.
  • ✍A laptop has internally broken and won’t boot up at all.

How to perform broken laptop hard drive data recovery [2 cases]

According to the above-mentioned 2 cases, we provide different methods to perform broken laptop hard drive data recovery. But before carrying on either of them, make sure that the hard drive is still working.

Case 1. Recover date from workable broken laptop hard drive

If the laptop is physically damaged or broken but the hard drive is still workable, this makes things much easier. You just need to uninstall the hard drive from the broken laptop and then connect it to a new and workable computer. Let’s see how to get data from broken laptop hard drive.

Step 1. Use the screwdriver to unlock your broken laptop case, unplug the hard drive cable, and take the drive out.

Take Out Hard Drive

Step 2. Purchase a hard drive disk enclosure. Put into the hard drive you’re just taken. Once the hard drive is placed in the enclosure, it functions as an external hard drive.

Hard Drive Disk Enclosure

Step 3. Connect the disk enclosure to the working computer using the USB cable.

Connect Hard Drive to Computer

Step 4. Then you can open the USB drive and transfer your old files to the working computer.

USB Drive Folder

Case 2. Recover date from dead laptop hard drive

If, unfortunately, your laptop won’t boot up and the hard drive has been damaged as well, things can be much more complicated. Don’t worry, follow the steps below, we’ll help you get back your data. The steps to perform dead laptop hard disk data recovery are divided into 3 parts.

Part 1. Create a bootable disk to boot the dead computer

To get the dead laptop to boot, you need a bootable disk. Therefore, you must create a bootable disk if you don’t already have one. Here are the steps to making a USB flash drive bootable.

Step 1. Plug the USB drive into the working computer.

Step 2. Download, install, and launch AOMEI Backupper Standard. Click Tools, and select Create Bootable Media.

Download FreewareWin 11/10/8.1/8/7/XP
Secure Download

Create Bootable Media

Step 3. Select Windows PE and then click Next.

Windows Bootable Disc

Step 4. Choose the media you want to copy the ISO file to. Here just choose USB Boot Device and click Next.

Select Usb Device

Step 5. Wait for the process to complete and click Finish.

Finish Export ISO

Part 2. Boot the dead laptop

Step 1. Insert your dead laptop with the bootable USB stick.

Step 2. To enter the BIOS, turn on the laptop and simultaneously press the Del or F2 keys.

Step 3. Locate the Boot menu in BIOS and look for the Boot Sequence or a similar option.

Step 4. Change the laptop’s boot priority so that it starts from removable devices (bootable USB disk).

Step 5. Press the F10 key to start your laptop from the bootable USB after you confirm it.

Bios Boot

Part 3. Clone the hard drive saving the data you need

Step 1. AOMEI Backupper will start automatically when entering the BIOS. Click Clone and choose Disk Clone

Disk Clone

Step 2. Select the original hard drive that saves the data you need as the source disk and click Next to continue.

Select Source Disk

Step 3. Choose the USB hard drive you prepared as the destination and click Next to go to the next step. You can also plug in a workable external hard drive and choose it as the destination.

Select Destination Disk

Step 4. Preview all settings and then click Start Clone.

Start Clone

After finishing, you can plug out the USB hard drive (or the external hard drive) and plug it into a working computer to get your data.

Bonus tip: What to do if data lose from the hard drive?

There's a possibility that when you open your hard drive, you may find some files missing or the hard drive is dead. If you find that some files are not where they were before, you can let the data recovery tool MyRecover scan your hard drive and find missing files.

Before starting, download, install and launch MyRecover on your workable computer.

Download SoftwareWin 11/10/8/7/Server
Secure Download

Step 1. Hover the mouse over the hard drive used to have the files you want to get back. Click Scan.

Select Partition to Scan

Step 2. Then the scanning process will start automatically. You don’t need to wait for the process to complete if you find the files you want to recover. You can also type in the file name on the upper right search box to find the file you need quickly.

Scan Lost Data

Step 3. Select the files or the whole folders you want to restore. Click Recover xx files.

Recover Lost Data

Closing words

This post primarily introduces how to perform broken laptop hard drive data recovery. We listed 2 common cases and gave the solutions respectively. Check which suits your situation.

A small tip. To avoid the unexpected happens, you’re suggested to use AOMEI Backupper we mentioned above to back up your important files.

Ellie · Editor
Ellie, a professional and experienced writer who is good at solving iOS-related problems and writing iOS backup/transfer tips.